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Characterization of static and dynamic left ventricular diastolic function in patients with heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction.
Circ Heart Fail 2010; 3(5):617-26CH

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Congestive heart failure in the setting of a preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction is increasing in prevalence among the senior population. The underlying pathophysiologic abnormalities in ventricular function and structure remain unclear for this disorder. We hypothesized that patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) would have marked abnormalities in LV diastolic function with increased static diastolic stiffness and slowed myocardial relaxation compared with age-matched healthy controls.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Eleven highly screened patients (4 men, 7 women) aged 73±7 years with HFPEF were recruited to participate in this study. Thirteen sedentary healthy controls (7 men, 6 women) aged 70±4 years also were recruited. All subjects underwent pulmonary artery catheterization with measurement of cardiac output, end-diastolic volumes, and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures at baseline; cardiac unloading (lower-body negative pressure or upright tilt); and cardiac loading (rapid saline infusion). The data were used to define the Frank-Starling and LV end-diastolic pressure-volume relationships. Doppler echocardiographic data (tissue Doppler velocities, isovolumic relaxation time, propagation velocity of early mitral inflow , E/A-wave ratio) were obtained at each level of cardiac preload. Compared with healthy controls, patients with HFPEF had similar LV contractile function and static LV compliance but reduced LV chamber distensibility with elevated filling pressures and slower myocardial relaxation as assessed by tissue Doppler imaging.

CONCLUSIONS

In this small, highly screened patient population with hemodynamically confirmed HFPEF, increased end-diastolic static ventricular stiffness relative to age-matched controls was not a universal finding. Nevertheless, patients with HFPEF, even when well compensated, had elevated filling pressures, reduced distensibility, and increased diastolic wall stress compared with controls. In contrast, LV relaxation as assessed by tissue Doppler variables appeared consistently impaired in patients with HFPEF.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, Texas Health Presbyterian Dallas, Dallas, Tex 75231, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20682947

Citation

Prasad, Anand, et al. "Characterization of Static and Dynamic Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Patients With Heart Failure With a Preserved Ejection Fraction." Circulation. Heart Failure, vol. 3, no. 5, 2010, pp. 617-26.
Prasad A, Hastings JL, Shibata S, et al. Characterization of static and dynamic left ventricular diastolic function in patients with heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction. Circ Heart Fail. 2010;3(5):617-26.
Prasad, A., Hastings, J. L., Shibata, S., Popovic, Z. B., Arbab-Zadeh, A., Bhella, P. S., ... Levine, B. D. (2010). Characterization of static and dynamic left ventricular diastolic function in patients with heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction. Circulation. Heart Failure, 3(5), pp. 617-26. doi:10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.109.867044.
Prasad A, et al. Characterization of Static and Dynamic Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Patients With Heart Failure With a Preserved Ejection Fraction. Circ Heart Fail. 2010;3(5):617-26. PubMed PMID: 20682947.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterization of static and dynamic left ventricular diastolic function in patients with heart failure with a preserved ejection fraction. AU - Prasad,Anand, AU - Hastings,Jeffrey L, AU - Shibata,Shigeki, AU - Popovic,Zoran B, AU - Arbab-Zadeh,Armin, AU - Bhella,Paul S, AU - Okazaki,Kazunobu, AU - Fu,Qi, AU - Berk,Martin, AU - Palmer,Dean, AU - Greenberg,Neil L, AU - Garcia,Mario J, AU - Thomas,James D, AU - Levine,Benjamin D, Y1 - 2010/08/03/ PY - 2010/8/5/entrez PY - 2010/8/5/pubmed PY - 2010/10/15/medline SP - 617 EP - 26 JF - Circulation. Heart failure JO - Circ Heart Fail VL - 3 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Congestive heart failure in the setting of a preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction is increasing in prevalence among the senior population. The underlying pathophysiologic abnormalities in ventricular function and structure remain unclear for this disorder. We hypothesized that patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF) would have marked abnormalities in LV diastolic function with increased static diastolic stiffness and slowed myocardial relaxation compared with age-matched healthy controls. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eleven highly screened patients (4 men, 7 women) aged 73±7 years with HFPEF were recruited to participate in this study. Thirteen sedentary healthy controls (7 men, 6 women) aged 70±4 years also were recruited. All subjects underwent pulmonary artery catheterization with measurement of cardiac output, end-diastolic volumes, and pulmonary capillary wedge pressures at baseline; cardiac unloading (lower-body negative pressure or upright tilt); and cardiac loading (rapid saline infusion). The data were used to define the Frank-Starling and LV end-diastolic pressure-volume relationships. Doppler echocardiographic data (tissue Doppler velocities, isovolumic relaxation time, propagation velocity of early mitral inflow , E/A-wave ratio) were obtained at each level of cardiac preload. Compared with healthy controls, patients with HFPEF had similar LV contractile function and static LV compliance but reduced LV chamber distensibility with elevated filling pressures and slower myocardial relaxation as assessed by tissue Doppler imaging. CONCLUSIONS: In this small, highly screened patient population with hemodynamically confirmed HFPEF, increased end-diastolic static ventricular stiffness relative to age-matched controls was not a universal finding. Nevertheless, patients with HFPEF, even when well compensated, had elevated filling pressures, reduced distensibility, and increased diastolic wall stress compared with controls. In contrast, LV relaxation as assessed by tissue Doppler variables appeared consistently impaired in patients with HFPEF. SN - 1941-3297 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20682947/Characterization_of_static_and_dynamic_left_ventricular_diastolic_function_in_patients_with_heart_failure_with_a_preserved_ejection_fraction_ L2 - http://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/CIRCHEARTFAILURE.109.867044?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -