Switch of regioselectivity in palladium-catalyzed silaboration of terminal alkynes by ligand-dependent control of reductive elimination.J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Sep 08; 132(35):12194-6.JA
The regioselectivity in the addition of silylboronic esters to terminal alkynes can be switched by the choice of phosphorus ligands on the palladium catalysts. The silaboration proceeds with normal regioselectivity in the presence of (eta(3)-C(3)H(5))Pd(PPh(3))Cl (1.0 mol %) to give 1-boryl-2-silyl-1-alkenes in high yields. In sharp contrast, selective formation of the inverse regioisomers, 2-boryl-1-silyl-1-alkenes, takes place when the reaction is carried out with a palladium catalyst bearing P(t-Bu)(2)(biphenyl-2-yl). A reaction mechanism for the change of regioselectivity that involves reversible insertion/beta-boryl elimination steps is proposed.