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Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV seropositive and seronegative patients in Ilorin, Nigeria.
Ann Afr Med. 2010 Jul-Sep; 9(3):123-8.AA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the prevalence, severity and pattern of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV-seropositive patients.

METHODS

A Cross-sectional study from January 2007 to December 2008.Patients were recruited from the HIV clinics of the hospital. Paired blood and single stool specimens were collected from each patient. The stool sample was investigated for intestinal parasites while the blood sample was tested for antibodies to HIV-1 and 2. HIV-seropositive subjects also had CD4 + cells count done.

RESULT

Ninety each of stool and blood samples were collected from HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients. Four species each of helminthes and protozoan parasites and three species of coccidian parasites were isolated from the stool of both HIV-seropositive and seronegative subjects. The prevalence of these parasites was two and a halve times higher among the HIV seropositive patients than the seronegative ones. The range of CD4 cells count was 20-680 cells/microl with a median of 259 cells/microl. Patients with CD4+ count <200/microl had more coccidian parasites in their stool and also had higher prevalence of intestinal polyparasitism ranging from 2 to 4 different species per stool sample.

CONCLUSION

The frequency of both AIDS defining and non- AIDS defining intestinal parasitic infestation was higher among the HIV infected patients. Patients' CD4+ cells count was an important determinant of the rate and number of parasitic infestation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicale Microbiology, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20710101

Citation

Babatunde, S K., et al. "Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infestation in HIV Seropositive and Seronegative Patients in Ilorin, Nigeria." Annals of African Medicine, vol. 9, no. 3, 2010, pp. 123-8.
Babatunde SK, Salami AK, Fabiyi JP, et al. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV seropositive and seronegative patients in Ilorin, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2010;9(3):123-8.
Babatunde, S. K., Salami, A. K., Fabiyi, J. P., Agbede, O. O., & Desalu, O. O. (2010). Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV seropositive and seronegative patients in Ilorin, Nigeria. Annals of African Medicine, 9(3), 123-8. https://doi.org/10.4103/1596-3519.68356
Babatunde SK, et al. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infestation in HIV Seropositive and Seronegative Patients in Ilorin, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med. 2010 Jul-Sep;9(3):123-8. PubMed PMID: 20710101.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV seropositive and seronegative patients in Ilorin, Nigeria. AU - Babatunde,S K, AU - Salami,A K, AU - Fabiyi,J P, AU - Agbede,O O, AU - Desalu,O O, PY - 2010/8/17/entrez PY - 2010/8/17/pubmed PY - 2010/9/30/medline SP - 123 EP - 8 JF - Annals of African medicine JO - Ann Afr Med VL - 9 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, severity and pattern of intestinal parasitic infestation in HIV-seropositive patients. METHODS: A Cross-sectional study from January 2007 to December 2008.Patients were recruited from the HIV clinics of the hospital. Paired blood and single stool specimens were collected from each patient. The stool sample was investigated for intestinal parasites while the blood sample was tested for antibodies to HIV-1 and 2. HIV-seropositive subjects also had CD4 + cells count done. RESULT: Ninety each of stool and blood samples were collected from HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative patients. Four species each of helminthes and protozoan parasites and three species of coccidian parasites were isolated from the stool of both HIV-seropositive and seronegative subjects. The prevalence of these parasites was two and a halve times higher among the HIV seropositive patients than the seronegative ones. The range of CD4 cells count was 20-680 cells/microl with a median of 259 cells/microl. Patients with CD4+ count <200/microl had more coccidian parasites in their stool and also had higher prevalence of intestinal polyparasitism ranging from 2 to 4 different species per stool sample. CONCLUSION: The frequency of both AIDS defining and non- AIDS defining intestinal parasitic infestation was higher among the HIV infected patients. Patients' CD4+ cells count was an important determinant of the rate and number of parasitic infestation. SN - 0975-5764 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20710101/Prevalence_of_intestinal_parasitic_infestation_in_HIV_seropositive_and_seronegative_patients_in_Ilorin_Nigeria_ L2 - http://www.annalsafrmed.org/article.asp?issn=1596-3519;year=2010;volume=9;issue=3;spage=123;epage=128;aulast=Babatunde DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -