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Fish and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake and depressive symptoms: Ryukyus Child Health Study.
Pediatrics. 2010 Sep; 126(3):e623-30.Ped

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Epidemiologic evidence on the role of fish and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake on depression during adolescence is sparse.

OBJECTIVE

We examined the association between fish, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake and depressive symptoms in a group of adolescents.

SUBJECTS AND METHOD

This cross-sectional study, conducted in all public junior high schools in Naha City and Nago City, Okinawa, Japan, included 3067 boys and 3450 girls aged 12 to 15 years (52.3% of the eligible sample). Dietary intake was assessed by using a validated, self-administered diet-history questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were defined as present when participants had a Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale score of >or=16.

RESULTS

The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 22.5% for boys and 31.2% for girls. For boys, fish intake was inversely associated with depressive symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [OR] for depressive symptoms in the highest [compared with the lowest] quintile of intake: 0.73 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.55-0.97]; P for trend=.04). EPA intake showed an inverse association with depressive symptoms (OR: 0.71 [95% CI: 0.54-0.94]; P=.04). DHA intake also showed a similar inverse, albeit nonsignificant, association (OR: 0.79 [95% CI: 0.59-1.05]; P=.11). In addition, intake of EPA plus DHA was inversely associated with depressive symptoms (OR: 0.72 [95% CI: 0.55-0.96]; P=.08). Conversely, no such associations were observed among girls.

CONCLUSIONS

Higher intake of fish, EPA, and DHA was independently associated with a lower prevalence of depressive symptoms in early male, but not female, adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. kenmrkm@m.u-tokyo.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20713476

Citation

Murakami, Kentaro, et al. "Fish and N-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Intake and Depressive Symptoms: Ryukyus Child Health Study." Pediatrics, vol. 126, no. 3, 2010, pp. e623-30.
Murakami K, Miyake Y, Sasaki S, et al. Fish and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake and depressive symptoms: Ryukyus Child Health Study. Pediatrics. 2010;126(3):e623-30.
Murakami, K., Miyake, Y., Sasaki, S., Tanaka, K., & Arakawa, M. (2010). Fish and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake and depressive symptoms: Ryukyus Child Health Study. Pediatrics, 126(3), e623-30. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-3277
Murakami K, et al. Fish and N-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Intake and Depressive Symptoms: Ryukyus Child Health Study. Pediatrics. 2010;126(3):e623-30. PubMed PMID: 20713476.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fish and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake and depressive symptoms: Ryukyus Child Health Study. AU - Murakami,Kentaro, AU - Miyake,Yoshihiro, AU - Sasaki,Satoshi, AU - Tanaka,Keiko, AU - Arakawa,Masashi, Y1 - 2010/08/16/ PY - 2010/8/18/entrez PY - 2010/8/18/pubmed PY - 2010/10/5/medline SP - e623 EP - 30 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 126 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence on the role of fish and long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake on depression during adolescence is sparse. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between fish, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake and depressive symptoms in a group of adolescents. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: This cross-sectional study, conducted in all public junior high schools in Naha City and Nago City, Okinawa, Japan, included 3067 boys and 3450 girls aged 12 to 15 years (52.3% of the eligible sample). Dietary intake was assessed by using a validated, self-administered diet-history questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were defined as present when participants had a Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale score of >or=16. RESULTS: The prevalence of depressive symptoms was 22.5% for boys and 31.2% for girls. For boys, fish intake was inversely associated with depressive symptoms (adjusted odds ratio [OR] for depressive symptoms in the highest [compared with the lowest] quintile of intake: 0.73 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.55-0.97]; P for trend=.04). EPA intake showed an inverse association with depressive symptoms (OR: 0.71 [95% CI: 0.54-0.94]; P=.04). DHA intake also showed a similar inverse, albeit nonsignificant, association (OR: 0.79 [95% CI: 0.59-1.05]; P=.11). In addition, intake of EPA plus DHA was inversely associated with depressive symptoms (OR: 0.72 [95% CI: 0.55-0.96]; P=.08). Conversely, no such associations were observed among girls. CONCLUSIONS: Higher intake of fish, EPA, and DHA was independently associated with a lower prevalence of depressive symptoms in early male, but not female, adolescents. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20713476/Fish_and_n_3_polyunsaturated_fatty_acid_intake_and_depressive_symptoms:_Ryukyus_Child_Health_Study_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=20713476 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -