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Gender differences in depression and PTSD symptoms following combat exposure.
Depress Anxiety. 2010 Nov; 27(11):1027-33.DA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This research examined gender as a moderator of the association between combat exposure (CE) and depression as well as CE and PTSD symptoms among a nonclinical sample of Soldiers following deployment in support of operations in Afghanistan and Iraq.

METHODS

Cases included 6,943 (516 women, 6,427 men) active duty Soldiers that were retrospectively analyzed from a pre- and post-deployment screening database at a large Army installation.

RESULTS

Gender moderated the association between CE and depressive and PTSD symptoms such that higher levels of CE were more strongly associated with depression and PTSD symptoms in women compared to men. Female Soldiers also reported higher severity of depressive symptoms compared to male Soldiers, whereas men reported higher levels of CE and a greater number of previous deployments compared to women.

CONCLUSIONS

CE was a stronger predictor of post-deployment depression and PTSD symptoms for women compared to men. These results provide evidence for gender-based differences in depression and PTSD risk. Screening for degree of CE in addition to symptoms associated with depression and PTSD can help with the care for service members who are returning from deployments to combat zones.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Center for Telehealth and Technology (T2), Defense Center of Excellence (DCoE) for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury, Old Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington 98431, USA. david.luxton@us.army.milNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20721909

Citation

Luxton, David D., et al. "Gender Differences in Depression and PTSD Symptoms Following Combat Exposure." Depression and Anxiety, vol. 27, no. 11, 2010, pp. 1027-33.
Luxton DD, Skopp NA, Maguen S. Gender differences in depression and PTSD symptoms following combat exposure. Depress Anxiety. 2010;27(11):1027-33.
Luxton, D. D., Skopp, N. A., & Maguen, S. (2010). Gender differences in depression and PTSD symptoms following combat exposure. Depression and Anxiety, 27(11), 1027-33. https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20730
Luxton DD, Skopp NA, Maguen S. Gender Differences in Depression and PTSD Symptoms Following Combat Exposure. Depress Anxiety. 2010;27(11):1027-33. PubMed PMID: 20721909.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender differences in depression and PTSD symptoms following combat exposure. AU - Luxton,David D, AU - Skopp,Nancy A, AU - Maguen,Shira, Y1 - 2010/08/18/ PY - 2010/03/19/received PY - 2010/06/18/revised PY - 2010/06/22/accepted PY - 2010/8/20/entrez PY - 2010/8/20/pubmed PY - 2011/3/23/medline SP - 1027 EP - 33 JF - Depression and anxiety JO - Depress Anxiety VL - 27 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: This research examined gender as a moderator of the association between combat exposure (CE) and depression as well as CE and PTSD symptoms among a nonclinical sample of Soldiers following deployment in support of operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. METHODS: Cases included 6,943 (516 women, 6,427 men) active duty Soldiers that were retrospectively analyzed from a pre- and post-deployment screening database at a large Army installation. RESULTS: Gender moderated the association between CE and depressive and PTSD symptoms such that higher levels of CE were more strongly associated with depression and PTSD symptoms in women compared to men. Female Soldiers also reported higher severity of depressive symptoms compared to male Soldiers, whereas men reported higher levels of CE and a greater number of previous deployments compared to women. CONCLUSIONS: CE was a stronger predictor of post-deployment depression and PTSD symptoms for women compared to men. These results provide evidence for gender-based differences in depression and PTSD risk. Screening for degree of CE in addition to symptoms associated with depression and PTSD can help with the care for service members who are returning from deployments to combat zones. SN - 1520-6394 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20721909/Gender_differences_in_depression_and_PTSD_symptoms_following_combat_exposure_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/da.20730 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -