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Body composition in ballet dancers measured by total body electrical conductivity.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1991 May; 23(5):528-33.MS

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe the body composition of adolescent and young adult ballet dancers using total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC). We studied 112 female and 33 male dancers. The mean ages were 15.0 +/- 2.0 and 18.7 +/- 3.1 yr for females and males, respectively. The mean percent body fat (PBF) values were 20.1 +/- 3.6% for the females and 14.5 +/- 4.2% for the males. Age and pubertal development were not significantly related to PBF in the females. Age and pubertal status were significantly inversely related to PBF in the males. There was no difference in dance history, percent body fat, and abdominal/hip or waist/hip ratios in eumenorrheic vs amenorrheic dancers. Estimated calorie intake indicated that dancers with menstrual abnormalities had lower calorie intake than those with normal menses. This is the largest group of ballet dancers whose body composition has been studied. Our PBF measurements are higher than in previous reports using hydrodensitometry, which may have underestimated body fat by not accounting for the increased bone density in the lower extremities of dancers. Our data suggest that previous measurements of PBF in dancers are underestimates; these new data challenge our concept of PBF values in dancers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2072830

Citation

Hergenroeder, A C., et al. "Body Composition in Ballet Dancers Measured By Total Body Electrical Conductivity." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 23, no. 5, 1991, pp. 528-33.
Hergenroeder AC, Fiorotto ML, Klish WJ. Body composition in ballet dancers measured by total body electrical conductivity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1991;23(5):528-33.
Hergenroeder, A. C., Fiorotto, M. L., & Klish, W. J. (1991). Body composition in ballet dancers measured by total body electrical conductivity. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23(5), 528-33.
Hergenroeder AC, Fiorotto ML, Klish WJ. Body Composition in Ballet Dancers Measured By Total Body Electrical Conductivity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1991;23(5):528-33. PubMed PMID: 2072830.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Body composition in ballet dancers measured by total body electrical conductivity. AU - Hergenroeder,A C, AU - Fiorotto,M L, AU - Klish,W J, PY - 1991/5/1/pubmed PY - 1991/5/1/medline PY - 1991/5/1/entrez SP - 528 EP - 33 JF - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JO - Med Sci Sports Exerc VL - 23 IS - 5 N2 - The purpose of this study was to describe the body composition of adolescent and young adult ballet dancers using total body electrical conductivity (TOBEC). We studied 112 female and 33 male dancers. The mean ages were 15.0 +/- 2.0 and 18.7 +/- 3.1 yr for females and males, respectively. The mean percent body fat (PBF) values were 20.1 +/- 3.6% for the females and 14.5 +/- 4.2% for the males. Age and pubertal development were not significantly related to PBF in the females. Age and pubertal status were significantly inversely related to PBF in the males. There was no difference in dance history, percent body fat, and abdominal/hip or waist/hip ratios in eumenorrheic vs amenorrheic dancers. Estimated calorie intake indicated that dancers with menstrual abnormalities had lower calorie intake than those with normal menses. This is the largest group of ballet dancers whose body composition has been studied. Our PBF measurements are higher than in previous reports using hydrodensitometry, which may have underestimated body fat by not accounting for the increased bone density in the lower extremities of dancers. Our data suggest that previous measurements of PBF in dancers are underestimates; these new data challenge our concept of PBF values in dancers. SN - 0195-9131 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2072830/Body_composition_in_ballet_dancers_measured_by_total_body_electrical_conductivity_ L2 - https://journals.lww.com/2072830.pmid DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -