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Impact on image quality and radiation exposure in coronary CT angiography: 100 kVp versus 120 kVp.
Acta Radiol. 2010 Oct; 51(8):903-9.AR

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The risk of radiation-induced cancer has become a major concern with the increasing use of computed tomography (CT).

PURPOSE

To compare image quality and radiation doses when decreasing X-ray tube peak kilovoltage (kVp) from 120 to 100 kVp in patients undergoing coronary CT angiography (CCTA).

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Patients referred for evaluation of suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent 64-channel detector CCTA using a tube voltage of either 120 kVp (n = 46) or 100 kVp (n = 82). The individual volume CT dose index (CTDI(vol)) and dose length product (DLP) were recorded and effective radiation dose was estimated on the basis of DLP. Subjective image quality was assessed by two radiologists on per-patient based consensus. Vascular density and image noise were quantified in the left main coronary artery (LMCA) and proximal ascending aorta (AA). Mean density in the adjacent perivascular tissue was also quantified. Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was calculated. Corresponding invasive coronary angiography (ICA) was performed, which constituted the gold standard.

RESULTS

Mean values in the 100/120 kVp cohorts regarding CNR in the LMCA were 12.7/16.0 (P<0.0001)) and in the AA 13.2/17.2 (P<0.0001), CTDI(vol) 34.4/57.4 mGy (a 40% reduction, P<0.0001), DLP 578/1125 mGy × cm (P<0.0001), and estimated effective dose 9.6/20.2 mSv (P<0.0001). There was no statistically significant difference in subjective image quality between the two cohorts. The sensitivity to detect significant coronary stenoses was 88% (120 kVp) and 84% (100 kVp) and the specificity was 71% (120 kVp) and 74% (100 kVp), respectively.

CONCLUSION

By reduction of tube voltage from 120 to 100 kVp at CCTA, while keeping all other scanning parameters unchanged, the radiation dose to the patient can be almost halved while keeping the diagnostic image quality at a clinically acceptable level.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology at Karolinska Institutet, Division of Medical Imaging and Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. jonaz.ripsweden@ki.seNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20735275

Citation

Ripsweden, Jonaz, et al. "Impact On Image Quality and Radiation Exposure in Coronary CT Angiography: 100 kVp Versus 120 KVp." Acta Radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), vol. 51, no. 8, 2010, pp. 903-9.
Ripsweden J, Brismar TB, Holm J, et al. Impact on image quality and radiation exposure in coronary CT angiography: 100 kVp versus 120 kVp. Acta Radiol. 2010;51(8):903-9.
Ripsweden, J., Brismar, T. B., Holm, J., Melinder, A., Mir-Akbari, H., Nilsson, T., Nyman, U., Rasmussen, E., Rück, A., & Cederlund, K. (2010). Impact on image quality and radiation exposure in coronary CT angiography: 100 kVp versus 120 kVp. Acta Radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987), 51(8), 903-9. https://doi.org/10.3109/02841851.2010.504740
Ripsweden J, et al. Impact On Image Quality and Radiation Exposure in Coronary CT Angiography: 100 kVp Versus 120 KVp. Acta Radiol. 2010;51(8):903-9. PubMed PMID: 20735275.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Impact on image quality and radiation exposure in coronary CT angiography: 100 kVp versus 120 kVp. AU - Ripsweden,Jonaz, AU - Brismar,Torkel B, AU - Holm,Jon, AU - Melinder,Annika, AU - Mir-Akbari,Habib, AU - Nilsson,Tage, AU - Nyman,Ulf, AU - Rasmussen,Elsbeth, AU - Rück,Andreas, AU - Cederlund,Kerstin, PY - 2010/8/26/entrez PY - 2010/8/26/pubmed PY - 2010/9/25/medline SP - 903 EP - 9 JF - Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987) JO - Acta Radiol VL - 51 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: The risk of radiation-induced cancer has become a major concern with the increasing use of computed tomography (CT). PURPOSE: To compare image quality and radiation doses when decreasing X-ray tube peak kilovoltage (kVp) from 120 to 100 kVp in patients undergoing coronary CT angiography (CCTA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients referred for evaluation of suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent 64-channel detector CCTA using a tube voltage of either 120 kVp (n = 46) or 100 kVp (n = 82). The individual volume CT dose index (CTDI(vol)) and dose length product (DLP) were recorded and effective radiation dose was estimated on the basis of DLP. Subjective image quality was assessed by two radiologists on per-patient based consensus. Vascular density and image noise were quantified in the left main coronary artery (LMCA) and proximal ascending aorta (AA). Mean density in the adjacent perivascular tissue was also quantified. Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was calculated. Corresponding invasive coronary angiography (ICA) was performed, which constituted the gold standard. RESULTS: Mean values in the 100/120 kVp cohorts regarding CNR in the LMCA were 12.7/16.0 (P<0.0001)) and in the AA 13.2/17.2 (P<0.0001), CTDI(vol) 34.4/57.4 mGy (a 40% reduction, P<0.0001), DLP 578/1125 mGy × cm (P<0.0001), and estimated effective dose 9.6/20.2 mSv (P<0.0001). There was no statistically significant difference in subjective image quality between the two cohorts. The sensitivity to detect significant coronary stenoses was 88% (120 kVp) and 84% (100 kVp) and the specificity was 71% (120 kVp) and 74% (100 kVp), respectively. CONCLUSION: By reduction of tube voltage from 120 to 100 kVp at CCTA, while keeping all other scanning parameters unchanged, the radiation dose to the patient can be almost halved while keeping the diagnostic image quality at a clinically acceptable level. SN - 1600-0455 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20735275/Impact_on_image_quality_and_radiation_exposure_in_coronary_CT_angiography:_100_kVp_versus_120_kVp_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.3109/02841851.2010.504740?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -