Separate peroxisomal oxidases for fatty acyl-CoAs and trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA in human liver.J Lipid Res. 1990 Oct; 31(10):1865-72.JL
Fatty acyl-CoAs as well as the CoA esters of the bile acid intermediates di- and trihydroxycoprostanic acids are beta-oxidized in peroxisomes. The first reaction of peroxisomal beta-oxidation is catalyzed by acyl-CoA oxidase. We recently described the presence of two fatty acyl-CoA oxidases plus a trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase in rat liver peroxisomes (Schepers, L., P. P. Van Veldhoven, M. Casteels, H. J. Eyssen, and G. P. Mannaerts. 1990. J. Biol. Chem. 265: 5242-5246). We have now developed methods for the measurement of palmitoyl-CoA oxidase and trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase in human liver. The activities were measured in livers from controls and from three patients with peroxisomopathies. In addition, the oxidase activities were partially purified from control livers by ammonium sulfate fractionation and heat treatment, and the partially purified enzyme preparation was subjected to chromatofocusing, hydroxylapatite chromatography, and gel filtration. In earlier experiments this allowed for the separation of the three rat liver oxidases. The results show that human liver, as rat liver, contains a separate trihydroxycoprostanoyl-CoA oxidase. In contrast to the situation in rat liver, no conclusive evidence was obtained for the presence of two fatty acyl-CoA oxidases in human liver. Our results explain why bile acid metabolism is normal in acyl-CoA oxidase deficiency, despite a severely disturbed peroxisomal fatty acid oxidation and perhaps also why, in a number of other cases of peroxisomopathy, di- and trihydroxycoprostanic acids are excreted despite a normal peroxisomal fatty acid metabolism.