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Spina bifida and birth outcome before and after fortification of flour with iron and folic acid in Oman.
East Mediterr Health J. 2010 May; 16(5):533-8.EM

Abstract

This paper presents the trend of spina bifida and other neural tube defects in Oman after the nationwide implementation of folate supplementation of pregnant women in 1990 and the fortification of wheat flour with iron and folate in 1996. The annual incidence of spina bifida fluctuated from 2.34 to 4.03 per 1000 deliveries between 1991 and 1996, but fell sharply to 2.11 per 1000 deliveries in 1997, after which the downward trend continued, reaching 0.29 per 1000 deliveries by 2006. The rate of other neural tube defects remained almost constant. The reduction in spina bifida rates in Oman could be linked to the start of flour fortification but not the supplementation programme.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Ministry of Health, Muscat, Oman. ha-nutrition@moh.gov.omNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20799554

Citation

Alasfoor, D, et al. "Spina Bifida and Birth Outcome Before and After Fortification of Flour With Iron and Folic Acid in Oman." Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La Revue De Sante De La Mediterranee Orientale = al-Majallah Al-sihhiyah Li-sharq Al-mutawassit, vol. 16, no. 5, 2010, pp. 533-8.
Alasfoor D, Elsayed MK, Mohammed AJ. Spina bifida and birth outcome before and after fortification of flour with iron and folic acid in Oman. East Mediterr Health J. 2010;16(5):533-8.
Alasfoor, D., Elsayed, M. K., & Mohammed, A. J. (2010). Spina bifida and birth outcome before and after fortification of flour with iron and folic acid in Oman. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La Revue De Sante De La Mediterranee Orientale = al-Majallah Al-sihhiyah Li-sharq Al-mutawassit, 16(5), 533-8.
Alasfoor D, Elsayed MK, Mohammed AJ. Spina Bifida and Birth Outcome Before and After Fortification of Flour With Iron and Folic Acid in Oman. East Mediterr Health J. 2010;16(5):533-8. PubMed PMID: 20799554.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Spina bifida and birth outcome before and after fortification of flour with iron and folic acid in Oman. AU - Alasfoor,D, AU - Elsayed,M K, AU - Mohammed,A J, PY - 2010/8/31/entrez PY - 2010/8/31/pubmed PY - 2010/10/1/medline SP - 533 EP - 8 JF - Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit JO - East Mediterr Health J VL - 16 IS - 5 N2 - This paper presents the trend of spina bifida and other neural tube defects in Oman after the nationwide implementation of folate supplementation of pregnant women in 1990 and the fortification of wheat flour with iron and folate in 1996. The annual incidence of spina bifida fluctuated from 2.34 to 4.03 per 1000 deliveries between 1991 and 1996, but fell sharply to 2.11 per 1000 deliveries in 1997, after which the downward trend continued, reaching 0.29 per 1000 deliveries by 2006. The rate of other neural tube defects remained almost constant. The reduction in spina bifida rates in Oman could be linked to the start of flour fortification but not the supplementation programme. SN - 1020-3397 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20799554/Spina_bifida_and_birth_outcome_before_and_after_fortification_of_flour_with_iron_and_folic_acid_in_Oman_ L2 - http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/V16/05/16_5_2010_0533_0538.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -