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Ultrasound characterization of the seminal vesicles in infertile patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Eur J Radiol. 2011 Nov; 80(2):e64-7.EJ

Abstract

Male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) may experience infertility because the disease affects negatively many aspects of reproduction, including seminal vesicle (SV) function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ultrasound characteristics of the SVs of infertile patients with DM because no such data are available in these patients. To accomplish this, 25 infertile patients with type 2 DM and no other known causes of sperm parameter abnormalities were selected. Two different control groups were also enrolled: healthy men with idiopathic infertility (n=25) and infertile patients with male accessory gland infections (MAGI) (n=25), a well-studied clinical model of SV inflammation. Patients and controls underwent prostate-vesicular transrectal ultrasonography after 1 day of sexual abstinence before and 1h after ejaculation. The following SV ultrasound parameters were recorded: (1) body antero-posterior diameter (ADP); (2) fundus APD; (3) parietal thickness of the right and left SVs; (4) number of polycyclic areas within both SVs; (5) fundus/body ratio; (6) difference of the parietal thickness between the right and the left SV; and (7) pre- and post-ejaculatory APD difference. Patients with DM had a significantly (p<0.05) higher F/B ratio compared to controls and patients with MAGI. Only patients with MAGI had a significantly (p<0.05) higher number of polycyclic areas. Controls and MAGI patients have a similar pre- and post-ejaculatory difference of the body SV APD, whereas this difference was significantly (p<0.05) lower in patients with DM. In conclusion, this study showed that infertile patients with DM have peculiar SV ultrasound features suggestive of functional atony.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section of Endocrinology, Andrology and Internal Medicine and Master in Andrological, Human Reproduction and Biotechnology Sciences, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20800402

Citation

La Vignera, Sandro, et al. "Ultrasound Characterization of the Seminal Vesicles in Infertile Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus." European Journal of Radiology, vol. 80, no. 2, 2011, pp. e64-7.
La Vignera S, Vicari E, Condorelli R, et al. Ultrasound characterization of the seminal vesicles in infertile patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Eur J Radiol. 2011;80(2):e64-7.
La Vignera, S., Vicari, E., Condorelli, R., D'Agata, R., & Calogero, A. E. (2011). Ultrasound characterization of the seminal vesicles in infertile patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. European Journal of Radiology, 80(2), e64-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejrad.2010.08.001
La Vignera S, et al. Ultrasound Characterization of the Seminal Vesicles in Infertile Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Eur J Radiol. 2011;80(2):e64-7. PubMed PMID: 20800402.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ultrasound characterization of the seminal vesicles in infertile patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. AU - La Vignera,Sandro, AU - Vicari,Enzo, AU - Condorelli,Rosita, AU - D'Agata,Rosario, AU - Calogero,Aldo E, Y1 - 2010/08/30/ PY - 2010/06/03/received PY - 2010/07/20/revised PY - 2010/08/02/accepted PY - 2010/8/31/entrez PY - 2010/8/31/pubmed PY - 2012/5/19/medline SP - e64 EP - 7 JF - European journal of radiology JO - Eur J Radiol VL - 80 IS - 2 N2 - Male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) may experience infertility because the disease affects negatively many aspects of reproduction, including seminal vesicle (SV) function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the ultrasound characteristics of the SVs of infertile patients with DM because no such data are available in these patients. To accomplish this, 25 infertile patients with type 2 DM and no other known causes of sperm parameter abnormalities were selected. Two different control groups were also enrolled: healthy men with idiopathic infertility (n=25) and infertile patients with male accessory gland infections (MAGI) (n=25), a well-studied clinical model of SV inflammation. Patients and controls underwent prostate-vesicular transrectal ultrasonography after 1 day of sexual abstinence before and 1h after ejaculation. The following SV ultrasound parameters were recorded: (1) body antero-posterior diameter (ADP); (2) fundus APD; (3) parietal thickness of the right and left SVs; (4) number of polycyclic areas within both SVs; (5) fundus/body ratio; (6) difference of the parietal thickness between the right and the left SV; and (7) pre- and post-ejaculatory APD difference. Patients with DM had a significantly (p<0.05) higher F/B ratio compared to controls and patients with MAGI. Only patients with MAGI had a significantly (p<0.05) higher number of polycyclic areas. Controls and MAGI patients have a similar pre- and post-ejaculatory difference of the body SV APD, whereas this difference was significantly (p<0.05) lower in patients with DM. In conclusion, this study showed that infertile patients with DM have peculiar SV ultrasound features suggestive of functional atony. SN - 1872-7727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20800402/Ultrasound_characterization_of_the_seminal_vesicles_in_infertile_patients_with_type_2_diabetes_mellitus_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0720-048X(10)00368-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -