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Early consonant production in Swedish infants with and without unilateral cleft lip and palate and two-stage palatal repair.
Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2011 May; 48(3):271-85.CP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate consonant production at 12 and 18 months of age following early soft palate repair in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), and to compare it with typically developing children without clefts.

DESIGN

Randomized study with comparison group.

PARTICIPANTS

Twenty Swedish infants born with UCLP and 21 without clefts (COMP) were included in a randomized trial of palatal surgery (Scandcleft project). Soft palate closure was completed at age 5 months; hard palate closure was performed in 11 of the infants with UCLP at 1 year of age (HPC) and was left open in nine (HPO).

METHOD

Audio recordings at 12 months (UCLP = 9, COMP = 21) and at 18 months (UCLP = 18, COMP = 21) were phonetically transcribed. Consonant inventory, frequency of manner and place of articulation, true canonical babbling (TCB), and impact of hearing status were analyzed.

RESULTS

At 12 months of age, all children had reached the stage of TCB. Mild hearing impairment was significantly correlated with fewer consonant types. A lower frequency of dentals and oral stops was found in the UCLP group than in the COMP group. However, the number of oral stops was high compared with what has been previously reported.

CONCLUSIONS

Early soft palate closure seems to give a relatively high number of oral stops even with the hard palate unrepaired, although with significantly fewer dentals/alveolars than are seen in peers without clefts. Differences in consonant inventory were correlated with hearing function.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20815720

Citation

Lohmander, Anette, et al. "Early Consonant Production in Swedish Infants With and Without Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate and Two-stage Palatal Repair." The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, vol. 48, no. 3, 2011, pp. 271-85.
Lohmander A, Olsson M, Flynn T. Early consonant production in Swedish infants with and without unilateral cleft lip and palate and two-stage palatal repair. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2011;48(3):271-85.
Lohmander, A., Olsson, M., & Flynn, T. (2011). Early consonant production in Swedish infants with and without unilateral cleft lip and palate and two-stage palatal repair. The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association, 48(3), 271-85. https://doi.org/10.1597/09-105
Lohmander A, Olsson M, Flynn T. Early Consonant Production in Swedish Infants With and Without Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate and Two-stage Palatal Repair. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 2011;48(3):271-85. PubMed PMID: 20815720.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Early consonant production in Swedish infants with and without unilateral cleft lip and palate and two-stage palatal repair. AU - Lohmander,Anette, AU - Olsson,Maria, AU - Flynn,Traci, Y1 - 2010/07/01/ PY - 2010/9/7/entrez PY - 2010/9/8/pubmed PY - 2014/9/24/medline SP - 271 EP - 85 JF - The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association JO - Cleft Palate Craniofac J VL - 48 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate consonant production at 12 and 18 months of age following early soft palate repair in infants with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), and to compare it with typically developing children without clefts. DESIGN: Randomized study with comparison group. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty Swedish infants born with UCLP and 21 without clefts (COMP) were included in a randomized trial of palatal surgery (Scandcleft project). Soft palate closure was completed at age 5 months; hard palate closure was performed in 11 of the infants with UCLP at 1 year of age (HPC) and was left open in nine (HPO). METHOD: Audio recordings at 12 months (UCLP = 9, COMP = 21) and at 18 months (UCLP = 18, COMP = 21) were phonetically transcribed. Consonant inventory, frequency of manner and place of articulation, true canonical babbling (TCB), and impact of hearing status were analyzed. RESULTS: At 12 months of age, all children had reached the stage of TCB. Mild hearing impairment was significantly correlated with fewer consonant types. A lower frequency of dentals and oral stops was found in the UCLP group than in the COMP group. However, the number of oral stops was high compared with what has been previously reported. CONCLUSIONS: Early soft palate closure seems to give a relatively high number of oral stops even with the hard palate unrepaired, although with significantly fewer dentals/alveolars than are seen in peers without clefts. Differences in consonant inventory were correlated with hearing function. SN - 1545-1569 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20815720/Early_consonant_production_in_Swedish_infants_with_and_without_unilateral_cleft_lip_and_palate_and_two_stage_palatal_repair_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1597/09-105?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -