Carnosic acid: a potent chemopreventive agent against oral carcinogenesis.Chem Biol Interact. 2010 Dec 05; 188(3):616-22.CB
The present study was aimed to investigate the chemopreventive potential of carnosic acid in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. The chemopreventive potential was assessed by analyzing the tumor incidence, tumor volume and burden as well as by measuring the status of lipid peroxidation, non-enzymatic and enzymatic antioxidants and phase I and phase II detoxification enzymes. Oral squamous cell carcinoma was developed in the buccal pouch of golden Syrian hamsters by painting with 0.5% DMBA in liquid paraffin three times a week for 14 weeks. In the present study, 100% tumor formation was observed in hamsters treated with DMBA alone. Also, the status of lipid peroxidation, antioxidants and phase I and phase II detoxification enzymes were significantly altered during DMBA-induced oral carcinogenesis. Oral administration of carnosic acid at a dose of 10mg/kg body weight/day to DMBA-treated animals completely prevented the tumor formation in the hamsters' buccal pouches. Also, carnosic acid exerted potent anti-lipid peroxidative function and stimulated the detoxification cascade during DMBA-induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. The results of the present study suggest that the chemopreventive potential of carnosic acid is probably due to its anti-lipid peroxidative potential and modulating effect on carcinogen detoxification enzymes during DMBA-induced oral carcinogenesis.