Selective C-4 alkylation of pyridine by nickel/Lewis acid catalysis.J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Oct 06; 132(39):13666-8.JA
Direct C-4-selective addition of pyridine across alkenes and alkynes is achieved for the first time by nickel/Lewis acid cooperative catalysis with an N-heterocyclic carbene ligand. A variety of substituents on both alkenes and pyridine are tolerated to give linear 4-alkylpyridines in modest to good yields. The addition across styrene, on the other hand, gives branched 4-alkylpyridines. A single example of C-4-selective alkenylation is also described.