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Examining behavioural susceptibility to obesity among Canadian pre-school children: the role of eating behaviours.
Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011 Jun; 6(2-2):e501-7.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

No study has examined a comprehensive set of approach and avoidance eating behaviours and their relationship with bodyweight among North American children. The purpose of this study was to test whether a variety of individual eating behaviours differed among weight status groups in a sample of Canadian pre-school children.

METHODS

The sample included 4 and 5-year-old children (N=1 730), who attended a health center in and around Edmonton, Alberta, for a pre-school immunization shot between November 2005 and August 2007. A trained health assistant measured children's height and weight. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cut-off criteria were used to classify the children according to body weight status. Parents completed the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ). A one-way between-groups multivariate analysis of variance was performed to investigate eating behaviour differences by weight status groups while adjusting for sex and neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES).

RESULTS

Significant differences (p<0.01) were found between weight status groups for food responsiveness, emotional over-eating, enjoyment of food, satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating, and food fussiness. No significant differences were found for desire to drink or emotional under-eating. An inspection of mean scores showed graded positive linear patterns by weight for food responsiveness and enjoyment of food and graded negative linear patterns by weight for satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating, and food fussiness.

CONCLUSION

Future research should examine whether eating behaviours can be modified to reduce children's risk of becoming overweight or obese. In addition potential determinants of eating behaviours should be explored.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada. jc.spence@ualberta.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20831463

Citation

Spence, John C., et al. "Examining Behavioural Susceptibility to Obesity Among Canadian Pre-school Children: the Role of Eating Behaviours." International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 6, no. 2-2, 2011, pp. e501-7.
Spence JC, Carson V, Casey L, et al. Examining behavioural susceptibility to obesity among Canadian pre-school children: the role of eating behaviours. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011;6(2-2):e501-7.
Spence, J. C., Carson, V., Casey, L., & Boule, N. (2011). Examining behavioural susceptibility to obesity among Canadian pre-school children: the role of eating behaviours. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity : IJPO : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 6(2-2), e501-7. https://doi.org/10.3109/17477166.2010.512087
Spence JC, et al. Examining Behavioural Susceptibility to Obesity Among Canadian Pre-school Children: the Role of Eating Behaviours. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011;6(2-2):e501-7. PubMed PMID: 20831463.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Examining behavioural susceptibility to obesity among Canadian pre-school children: the role of eating behaviours. AU - Spence,John C, AU - Carson,Valerie, AU - Casey,Linda, AU - Boule,Normand, Y1 - 2010/09/13/ PY - 2010/9/14/entrez PY - 2010/9/14/pubmed PY - 2011/10/29/medline SP - e501 EP - 7 JF - International journal of pediatric obesity : IJPO : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Int J Pediatr Obes VL - 6 IS - 2-2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: No study has examined a comprehensive set of approach and avoidance eating behaviours and their relationship with bodyweight among North American children. The purpose of this study was to test whether a variety of individual eating behaviours differed among weight status groups in a sample of Canadian pre-school children. METHODS: The sample included 4 and 5-year-old children (N=1 730), who attended a health center in and around Edmonton, Alberta, for a pre-school immunization shot between November 2005 and August 2007. A trained health assistant measured children's height and weight. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cut-off criteria were used to classify the children according to body weight status. Parents completed the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ). A one-way between-groups multivariate analysis of variance was performed to investigate eating behaviour differences by weight status groups while adjusting for sex and neighbourhood socioeconomic status (SES). RESULTS: Significant differences (p<0.01) were found between weight status groups for food responsiveness, emotional over-eating, enjoyment of food, satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating, and food fussiness. No significant differences were found for desire to drink or emotional under-eating. An inspection of mean scores showed graded positive linear patterns by weight for food responsiveness and enjoyment of food and graded negative linear patterns by weight for satiety responsiveness, slowness in eating, and food fussiness. CONCLUSION: Future research should examine whether eating behaviours can be modified to reduce children's risk of becoming overweight or obese. In addition potential determinants of eating behaviours should be explored. SN - 1747-7174 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20831463/Examining_behavioural_susceptibility_to_obesity_among_Canadian_pre_school_children:_the_role_of_eating_behaviours_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.3109/17477166.2010.512087 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -