The effectiveness of minimally invasive total knee arthroplasty to preserve quadriceps strength: a randomized controlled trial.Knee. 2011 Dec; 18(6):443-7.KNEE
We performed a single-center, randomized, double-blind study to compare muscle strength in patients who had undergone primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA), performed using either a minimally invasive or a conventional surgical technique. We evaluated 30 knees in healthy age-matched subjects, 22 knees after conventional TKA (conventional group), and 23 knees after minimally invasive surgery TKA (MIS group). The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) score, Oxford knee score (OKS), and isokinetic (60º/s) muscle strength were evaluated the day before surgery and 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. HSS and OKS improved significantly over time during follow-up (p<0.001), but there was no significant difference between the groups (p>0.05). The extensor peak torque (EPT) and flexor peak torque (FPT) improved significantly over time (p<0.001) and EPT was greater in the MIS group than in the conventional group during the follow-up period (p<0.05). There was no difference in FPT and the hamstring-to-quadriceps ratio between the groups. Although MIS patients had a significant deficit in extensor strength following TKA, compared with healthy controls, this approach offers a significant improvement in extensor muscle strength over conventional surgery. These results suggest that the MIS approach results in better outcomes with regard to maintaining extensor strength than the conventional surgical approach.