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Imagery rehearsal for posttraumatic nightmares: a randomized controlled trial.
J Trauma Stress. 2010 Oct; 23(5):553-63.JT

Abstract

One hundred twenty-four male Vietnam War veterans with chronic, severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were randomly assigned to imagery rehearsal (n = 61) or a credible active comparison condition (n = 63) for the treatment of combat-related nightmares. There was pre-post change in overall sleep quality and PTSD symptoms for both groups, but not in nightmare frequency. Intent-to-treat analyses showed that veterans who received imagery rehearsal had not improved significantly more than veterans in the comparison condition for the primary outcomes (nightmare frequency and sleep quality), or for a number of secondary outcomes, including PTSD. Six sessions of imagery rehearsal delivered in group format did not produce substantive improvement in Vietnam War veterans with chronic, severe PTSD. Possible explanations for findings are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Yale University and National Center for PTSD, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, CT 06516, USA. Joan.Cook@yale.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20839311

Citation

Cook, Joan M., et al. "Imagery Rehearsal for Posttraumatic Nightmares: a Randomized Controlled Trial." Journal of Traumatic Stress, vol. 23, no. 5, 2010, pp. 553-63.
Cook JM, Harb GC, Gehrman PR, et al. Imagery rehearsal for posttraumatic nightmares: a randomized controlled trial. J Trauma Stress. 2010;23(5):553-63.
Cook, J. M., Harb, G. C., Gehrman, P. R., Cary, M. S., Gamble, G. M., Forbes, D., & Ross, R. J. (2010). Imagery rehearsal for posttraumatic nightmares: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 23(5), 553-63. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20569
Cook JM, et al. Imagery Rehearsal for Posttraumatic Nightmares: a Randomized Controlled Trial. J Trauma Stress. 2010;23(5):553-63. PubMed PMID: 20839311.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Imagery rehearsal for posttraumatic nightmares: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Cook,Joan M, AU - Harb,Gerlinde C, AU - Gehrman,Philip R, AU - Cary,Mark S, AU - Gamble,Geraldine M, AU - Forbes,David, AU - Ross,Richard J, PY - 2010/9/15/entrez PY - 2010/9/15/pubmed PY - 2011/3/9/medline SP - 553 EP - 63 JF - Journal of traumatic stress JO - J Trauma Stress VL - 23 IS - 5 N2 - One hundred twenty-four male Vietnam War veterans with chronic, severe posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were randomly assigned to imagery rehearsal (n = 61) or a credible active comparison condition (n = 63) for the treatment of combat-related nightmares. There was pre-post change in overall sleep quality and PTSD symptoms for both groups, but not in nightmare frequency. Intent-to-treat analyses showed that veterans who received imagery rehearsal had not improved significantly more than veterans in the comparison condition for the primary outcomes (nightmare frequency and sleep quality), or for a number of secondary outcomes, including PTSD. Six sessions of imagery rehearsal delivered in group format did not produce substantive improvement in Vietnam War veterans with chronic, severe PTSD. Possible explanations for findings are discussed. SN - 1573-6598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20839311/Imagery_rehearsal_for_posttraumatic_nightmares:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.20569 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -