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Associations between school meals offered through the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program and fruit and vegetable intake among ethnically diverse, low-income children.
J Sch Health. 2010 Oct; 80(10):487-92.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Despite evidence in support of the health benefits associated with fruit and vegetable (FV) intake, national data indicate that FV consumption among school-aged children is below recommended levels, particularly among low-income children. School meals offered through the School Breakfast Program and National School Lunch Program can provide an important contribution to child FV intake. This study examines the proportion of fruits and vegetables consumed from school meals programs among ethnically diverse, low socioeconomic status children.

METHODS

Participants (n = 103) included fourth to sixth grade boys and girls from 4 urban elementary schools in St. Paul, Minnesota serving primarily low-income populations. Research staff interviewed children during school hours and recorded dietary intake via 24-hour recall. Analysis included descriptive statistics using cross tabulations and means.

RESULTS

Average reported mean (SD) daily FV intake was 3.6 (2.5) servings, with 80% of children consuming fewer than 5 daily servings of FV. On average, children consumed over half of their daily FV intake within school. Children with low FV intake (<5 FV servings daily) consumed a higher proportion of their daily intake at school than children with higher FV intake (≥5 FV servings daily) (39% vs 59%; p = .002).

CONCLUSIONS

Child FV intake is below recommended levels. School meals provide an important contribution to the daily FV intake among ethnically diverse, low socioeconomic status children, particularly among those with the lowest FV intake. School meals programs promoting FV intake within the school environment may provide an opportunity to encourage increased FV consumption.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutrition Department, College of Saint Benedict & Saint John's University, St. Joseph, MN 56374, USA. rrobinsonobrien@csbsju.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20840658

Citation

Robinson-O'Brien, Ramona, et al. "Associations Between School Meals Offered Through the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program and Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Ethnically Diverse, Low-income Children." The Journal of School Health, vol. 80, no. 10, 2010, pp. 487-92.
Robinson-O'Brien R, Burgess-Champoux T, Haines J, et al. Associations between school meals offered through the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program and fruit and vegetable intake among ethnically diverse, low-income children. J Sch Health. 2010;80(10):487-92.
Robinson-O'Brien, R., Burgess-Champoux, T., Haines, J., Hannan, P. J., & Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2010). Associations between school meals offered through the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program and fruit and vegetable intake among ethnically diverse, low-income children. The Journal of School Health, 80(10), 487-92. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00532.x
Robinson-O'Brien R, et al. Associations Between School Meals Offered Through the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program and Fruit and Vegetable Intake Among Ethnically Diverse, Low-income Children. J Sch Health. 2010;80(10):487-92. PubMed PMID: 20840658.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations between school meals offered through the National School Lunch Program and the School Breakfast Program and fruit and vegetable intake among ethnically diverse, low-income children. AU - Robinson-O'Brien,Ramona, AU - Burgess-Champoux,Teri, AU - Haines,Jess, AU - Hannan,Peter J, AU - Neumark-Sztainer,Dianne, PY - 2010/9/16/entrez PY - 2010/9/16/pubmed PY - 2011/1/7/medline SP - 487 EP - 92 JF - The Journal of school health JO - J Sch Health VL - 80 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: Despite evidence in support of the health benefits associated with fruit and vegetable (FV) intake, national data indicate that FV consumption among school-aged children is below recommended levels, particularly among low-income children. School meals offered through the School Breakfast Program and National School Lunch Program can provide an important contribution to child FV intake. This study examines the proportion of fruits and vegetables consumed from school meals programs among ethnically diverse, low socioeconomic status children. METHODS: Participants (n = 103) included fourth to sixth grade boys and girls from 4 urban elementary schools in St. Paul, Minnesota serving primarily low-income populations. Research staff interviewed children during school hours and recorded dietary intake via 24-hour recall. Analysis included descriptive statistics using cross tabulations and means. RESULTS: Average reported mean (SD) daily FV intake was 3.6 (2.5) servings, with 80% of children consuming fewer than 5 daily servings of FV. On average, children consumed over half of their daily FV intake within school. Children with low FV intake (<5 FV servings daily) consumed a higher proportion of their daily intake at school than children with higher FV intake (≥5 FV servings daily) (39% vs 59%; p = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Child FV intake is below recommended levels. School meals provide an important contribution to the daily FV intake among ethnically diverse, low socioeconomic status children, particularly among those with the lowest FV intake. School meals programs promoting FV intake within the school environment may provide an opportunity to encourage increased FV consumption. SN - 1746-1561 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20840658/Associations_between_school_meals_offered_through_the_National_School_Lunch_Program_and_the_School_Breakfast_Program_and_fruit_and_vegetable_intake_among_ethnically_diverse_low_income_children_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2010.00532.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -