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Risk assessments by female victims of intimate partner violence: predictors of risk perceptions and comparison to an actuarial measure.
J Interpers Violence. 2011 Aug; 26(12):2517-50.JI

Abstract

Recent studies support the validity of both structured risk assessment tools and victim perceptions as predictors of risk for repeat intimate partner violence (IPV). Combining structured risk assessments and victim risk assessments leads to better predictions of repeat violence than either alone, suggesting that the two forms of assessment provide unique and complementary information. However, very little is known about elements involved in women's risk assessments. The present study explores predictors of women's risk assessment and differences in factors linked to victim and actuarial risk assessments in a large sample of women (N = 728) shortly after the arrest of their male partner for IPV. In multivariate analyses, women's risk assessments were strongly related to past relationship violence and their partner's substance abuse but weakly related to demographic factors, family constellation, and the partner's criminal history. Women who perceived high risk but had a low risk score on an actuarial measure were more likely to report the presence of dynamic risk factors, such as escalating violence and violence during separations, along with a history of emotional and psychological abuse. Qualitative findings paralleled quantitative findings, with women's stated reasons for expecting high or low risk indicating that women were attending to IPV history and dynamic factors. Implications for risk assessment and safety planning are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20841332

Citation

Connor-Smith, Jennifer K., et al. "Risk Assessments By Female Victims of Intimate Partner Violence: Predictors of Risk Perceptions and Comparison to an Actuarial Measure." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 26, no. 12, 2011, pp. 2517-50.
Connor-Smith JK, Henning K, Moore S, et al. Risk assessments by female victims of intimate partner violence: predictors of risk perceptions and comparison to an actuarial measure. J Interpers Violence. 2011;26(12):2517-50.
Connor-Smith, J. K., Henning, K., Moore, S., & Holdford, R. (2011). Risk assessments by female victims of intimate partner violence: predictors of risk perceptions and comparison to an actuarial measure. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 26(12), 2517-50. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260510383024
Connor-Smith JK, et al. Risk Assessments By Female Victims of Intimate Partner Violence: Predictors of Risk Perceptions and Comparison to an Actuarial Measure. J Interpers Violence. 2011;26(12):2517-50. PubMed PMID: 20841332.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk assessments by female victims of intimate partner violence: predictors of risk perceptions and comparison to an actuarial measure. AU - Connor-Smith,Jennifer K, AU - Henning,Kris, AU - Moore,Stephanie, AU - Holdford,Robert, Y1 - 2010/09/13/ PY - 2010/9/16/entrez PY - 2010/9/16/pubmed PY - 2011/11/1/medline SP - 2517 EP - 50 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 26 IS - 12 N2 - Recent studies support the validity of both structured risk assessment tools and victim perceptions as predictors of risk for repeat intimate partner violence (IPV). Combining structured risk assessments and victim risk assessments leads to better predictions of repeat violence than either alone, suggesting that the two forms of assessment provide unique and complementary information. However, very little is known about elements involved in women's risk assessments. The present study explores predictors of women's risk assessment and differences in factors linked to victim and actuarial risk assessments in a large sample of women (N = 728) shortly after the arrest of their male partner for IPV. In multivariate analyses, women's risk assessments were strongly related to past relationship violence and their partner's substance abuse but weakly related to demographic factors, family constellation, and the partner's criminal history. Women who perceived high risk but had a low risk score on an actuarial measure were more likely to report the presence of dynamic risk factors, such as escalating violence and violence during separations, along with a history of emotional and psychological abuse. Qualitative findings paralleled quantitative findings, with women's stated reasons for expecting high or low risk indicating that women were attending to IPV history and dynamic factors. Implications for risk assessment and safety planning are discussed. SN - 1552-6518 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20841332/Risk_assessments_by_female_victims_of_intimate_partner_violence:_predictors_of_risk_perceptions_and_comparison_to_an_actuarial_measure_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260510383024?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -