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The prevalence of, and factors associated with, overweight and obesity in Botswana.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of, and socio-demographic factors associated with, overweight and obesity in Botswana. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2007 using a multistage sampling method to select a representative sample of 4107 men and 4916 women aged 20-49 years. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the socio-demographic factors associated with overweight and obesity. Mean BMI values for men and women were 21.7 kg/m2 and 24.4 kg/m2, respectively. Both overweight and obesity levels were higher among women than men. Overall, 23% of women were overweight compared with 13% of men. Obese women constituted about 15% compared with only 3% of men. However, 19% of men were underweight compared with 12% of women. The main socio-demographic factors associated with overweight and obesity were being older, living in a city/town, being married and having attained higher levels of education, and these relationships were statistically significant at the 5% level. Although over-nutrition is prevalent among adult female Botswana, underweight remains an important public health problem for males. Programmes and other interventions aimed at concurrently addressing both under-nutrition and overweight need to be developed.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    Department of Population Studies, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana.

    Source

    Journal of biosocial science 43:1 2011 Jan pg 75-84

    MeSH

    Adult
    Age Factors
    Analysis of Variance
    Body Mass Index
    Body Weight
    Botswana
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Educational Status
    Female
    Humans
    Logistic Models
    Male
    Marital Status
    Middle Aged
    Obesity
    Odds Ratio
    Prevalence
    Risk Factors
    Sex Factors
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Thinness
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20846466

    Citation

    Letamo, Gobopamang. "The Prevalence Of, and Factors Associated With, Overweight and Obesity in Botswana." Journal of Biosocial Science, vol. 43, no. 1, 2011, pp. 75-84.
    Letamo G. The prevalence of, and factors associated with, overweight and obesity in Botswana. J Biosoc Sci. 2011;43(1):75-84.
    Letamo, G. (2011). The prevalence of, and factors associated with, overweight and obesity in Botswana. Journal of Biosocial Science, 43(1), pp. 75-84. doi:10.1017/S0021932010000519.
    Letamo G. The Prevalence Of, and Factors Associated With, Overweight and Obesity in Botswana. J Biosoc Sci. 2011;43(1):75-84. PubMed PMID: 20846466.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence of, and factors associated with, overweight and obesity in Botswana. A1 - Letamo,Gobopamang, Y1 - 2010/09/17/ PY - 2010/9/18/entrez PY - 2010/9/18/pubmed PY - 2011/3/19/medline SP - 75 EP - 84 JF - Journal of biosocial science JO - J Biosoc Sci VL - 43 IS - 1 N2 - The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of, and socio-demographic factors associated with, overweight and obesity in Botswana. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2007 using a multistage sampling method to select a representative sample of 4107 men and 4916 women aged 20-49 years. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the socio-demographic factors associated with overweight and obesity. Mean BMI values for men and women were 21.7 kg/m2 and 24.4 kg/m2, respectively. Both overweight and obesity levels were higher among women than men. Overall, 23% of women were overweight compared with 13% of men. Obese women constituted about 15% compared with only 3% of men. However, 19% of men were underweight compared with 12% of women. The main socio-demographic factors associated with overweight and obesity were being older, living in a city/town, being married and having attained higher levels of education, and these relationships were statistically significant at the 5% level. Although over-nutrition is prevalent among adult female Botswana, underweight remains an important public health problem for males. Programmes and other interventions aimed at concurrently addressing both under-nutrition and overweight need to be developed. SN - 1469-7599 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20846466/The_prevalence_of_and_factors_associated_with_overweight_and_obesity_in_Botswana_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0021932010000519/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -