Antiviral activity of chondroitin sulphate E targeting dengue virus envelope protein.Antiviral Res. 2010 Nov; 88(2):236-43.AR
Sulphated glycosaminoglycans such as heparin inhibit the early step of dengue virus infection through interaction with envelope (E) protein. Here, we found that chondroitin sulphate E (CSE), but not CSD, which contains the same degree of sulphation, inhibited dengue virus (DENV) infection of cells with adsorption. CSE significantly reduced infectivity of all dengue virus serotypes to BHK-21 and Vero cells. DENV preferentially bound to CSE immobilised on plastic plates. Also, virus binding to CSE or heparin was cross-inhibited by soluble CSE or heparin. These findings suggested that common carbohydrate determinants on CSE and heparin could be essential epitopes for interaction of DENV, and may be responsible for inhibition of the early steps of DENV infection. A recombinant E protein directly bound heparin and CSE, but not CSD, meaning that interaction of CSE with E protein contributes to the inhibitory action of this glycosaminoglycan. These observations indicate that a specific carbohydrate structure rather than polysulphation or addition of negative charges of the glycosaminoglycan molecule would be necessary for direct binding to DENV E protein. In conclusion, CSE showed antiviral activity as an entry inhibitor targeting E protein of dengue virus.