Reduction in burst release after coating poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microparticles with a drug-free PLGA layer.Pharm Dev Technol. 2012 Jan-Feb; 17(1):66-72.PD
The high initial burst release of a highly water-soluble drug from poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microparticles prepared by the multiple emulsion (w/o/w) solvent extraction/evaporation method was reduced by coating with an additional polymeric PLGA layer. Coating with high encapsulation efficiency was performed by dispersing the core microparticles in peanut oil and subsequently in an organic polymer solution, followed by emulsification in the aqueous solution. Hardening of an additional polymeric layer occurred by oil/solvent extraction. Peanut oil was used to cover the surface of core microparticles and, therefore, reduced or prevented the rapid erosion of core microparticles surface. A low initial burst was obtained, accompanied by high encapsulation efficiency and continuous sustained release over several weeks. Reduction in burst release after coating was independent of the amount of oil. Either freshly prepared (wet) or dried (dry) core microparticles were used. A significant initial burst was reduced when ethyl acetate was used as a solvent instead of methylene chloride for polymer coating. Multiparticle encapsulation within the polymeric layer increased as the size of the core microparticles decreased (< 50 µm), resulting in lowest the initial burst. The initial burst could be controlled well by the coating level, which could be varied by varying the amount of polymer solution, used for coating.