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Nutritional adequacy of three dietary patterns defined by cluster analysis in 997 pregnant Japanese women: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study.
Public Health Nutr. 2011 Apr; 14(4):611-21.PH

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the adequacy and inadequacy of dietary patterns in pregnant women for which information is absolutely lacking.

DESIGN

Diet was assessed by a validated, self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ). Dietary patterns were extracted from the intake of thirty-three food groups (g/4184 kJ (1000 kcal)), which were summarized from 147 foods assessed with the DHQ, by cluster analysis. Nutritional inadequacy for selected twenty nutrients in each dietary pattern was examined using the reference values given in the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) for Japanese as the temporal gold standard.

SETTING

Japan.

SUBJECTS

Nine hundred and ninety-seven pregnant Japanese women aged 18-43 years.

RESULTS

The three dietary patterns identified were labelled as 'meat and eggs' (n 423), 'wheat products' (n 371) and 'rice, fish and vegetables' (n 203). The 'rice, fish and vegetables' pattern characterized by high intake of rice, vegetables, potatoes, pulses, fruits, seaweed, fish and miso soup showed significantly the lowest prevalence of inadequate intake for fifteen nutrients and significantly the highest prevalence of inadequate sodium intake. In contrast, the 'wheat products' pattern characterized by high intake of bread, noodles, confectioneries and soft drinks showed the highest prevalence of inadequate intake for fourteen nutrients. The median number of nutrients not meeting the DRI as a marker of overall nutritional inadequacy was eight in the 'rice, fish and vegetables' pattern. It was significantly lower at ten in the 'meat and eggs' and eleven in the 'wheat products' patterns (P<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS

In pregnant Japanese women, the dietary pattern high in rice, fish, vegetables, fruit and some others showed a better profile of nutritional adequacy except for sodium.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan. okubo@m.u-tokyo.ac.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20854720

Citation

Okubo, Hitomi, et al. "Nutritional Adequacy of Three Dietary Patterns Defined By Cluster Analysis in 997 Pregnant Japanese Women: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study." Public Health Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 4, 2011, pp. 611-21.
Okubo H, Miyake Y, Sasaki S, et al. Nutritional adequacy of three dietary patterns defined by cluster analysis in 997 pregnant Japanese women: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Public Health Nutr. 2011;14(4):611-21.
Okubo, H., Miyake, Y., Sasaki, S., Tanaka, K., Murakami, K., & Hirota, Y. (2011). Nutritional adequacy of three dietary patterns defined by cluster analysis in 997 pregnant Japanese women: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Public Health Nutrition, 14(4), 611-21. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980010002521
Okubo H, et al. Nutritional Adequacy of Three Dietary Patterns Defined By Cluster Analysis in 997 Pregnant Japanese Women: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. Public Health Nutr. 2011;14(4):611-21. PubMed PMID: 20854720.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional adequacy of three dietary patterns defined by cluster analysis in 997 pregnant Japanese women: the Osaka Maternal and Child Health Study. AU - Okubo,Hitomi, AU - Miyake,Yoshihiro, AU - Sasaki,Satoshi, AU - Tanaka,Keiko, AU - Murakami,Kentaro, AU - Hirota,Yoshio, AU - ,, Y1 - 2010/09/21/ PY - 2010/9/22/entrez PY - 2010/9/22/pubmed PY - 2011/5/18/medline SP - 611 EP - 21 JF - Public health nutrition JO - Public Health Nutr VL - 14 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the adequacy and inadequacy of dietary patterns in pregnant women for which information is absolutely lacking. DESIGN: Diet was assessed by a validated, self-administered diet history questionnaire (DHQ). Dietary patterns were extracted from the intake of thirty-three food groups (g/4184 kJ (1000 kcal)), which were summarized from 147 foods assessed with the DHQ, by cluster analysis. Nutritional inadequacy for selected twenty nutrients in each dietary pattern was examined using the reference values given in the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) for Japanese as the temporal gold standard. SETTING: Japan. SUBJECTS: Nine hundred and ninety-seven pregnant Japanese women aged 18-43 years. RESULTS: The three dietary patterns identified were labelled as 'meat and eggs' (n 423), 'wheat products' (n 371) and 'rice, fish and vegetables' (n 203). The 'rice, fish and vegetables' pattern characterized by high intake of rice, vegetables, potatoes, pulses, fruits, seaweed, fish and miso soup showed significantly the lowest prevalence of inadequate intake for fifteen nutrients and significantly the highest prevalence of inadequate sodium intake. In contrast, the 'wheat products' pattern characterized by high intake of bread, noodles, confectioneries and soft drinks showed the highest prevalence of inadequate intake for fourteen nutrients. The median number of nutrients not meeting the DRI as a marker of overall nutritional inadequacy was eight in the 'rice, fish and vegetables' pattern. It was significantly lower at ten in the 'meat and eggs' and eleven in the 'wheat products' patterns (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In pregnant Japanese women, the dietary pattern high in rice, fish, vegetables, fruit and some others showed a better profile of nutritional adequacy except for sodium. SN - 1475-2727 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20854720/Nutritional_adequacy_of_three_dietary_patterns_defined_by_cluster_analysis_in_997_pregnant_Japanese_women:_the_Osaka_Maternal_and_Child_Health_Study_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1368980010002521/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -