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The sunless study: a beach randomized trial of a skin cancer prevention intervention promoting sunless tanning.
Arch Dermatol 2010; 146(9):979-84AD

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the impact of a skin cancer prevention intervention that promoted sunless tanning as a substitute for sunbathing.

DESIGN

Randomized controlled trial.

SETTING

Public beaches in Massachusetts.

PARTICIPANTS

Women (N = 250) were recruited to participate in the study during their visit to a public beach. Intervention The intervention included motivational messages to use sunless tanning as an alternative to UV tanning, instructions for proper use of sunless tanning products, attractive images of women with sunless tans, a free trial of a sunless tanning product, skin cancer education, and UV imaging. The control participants completed surveys.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

The primary outcome was sunbathing 2 months and 1 year after the intervention. Secondary outcomes included sunburns, sun protection use, and sunless tanning.

RESULTS

At 2 months, intervention participants reduced their sunbathing significantly more than did controls and reported significantly fewer sunburns and greater use of protective clothing. At 1 year, intervention participants reported significant decreases in sunbathing and increases in sunless tanning relative to control participants but no differences in the other outcomes.

CONCLUSION

This intervention, which promoted sunless tanning as an alternative to UV tanning, had a short-term effect on sunbathing, sunburns, and use of protective clothing and a longer-term effect on sunbathing and sunless tanning.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00403377.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, 01655, USA. Sherry.pagoto@umassmed.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20855696

Citation

Pagoto, Sherry L., et al. "The Sunless Study: a Beach Randomized Trial of a Skin Cancer Prevention Intervention Promoting Sunless Tanning." Archives of Dermatology, vol. 146, no. 9, 2010, pp. 979-84.
Pagoto SL, Schneider KL, Oleski J, et al. The sunless study: a beach randomized trial of a skin cancer prevention intervention promoting sunless tanning. Arch Dermatol. 2010;146(9):979-84.
Pagoto, S. L., Schneider, K. L., Oleski, J., Bodenlos, J. S., & Ma, Y. (2010). The sunless study: a beach randomized trial of a skin cancer prevention intervention promoting sunless tanning. Archives of Dermatology, 146(9), pp. 979-84. doi:10.1001/archdermatol.2010.203.
Pagoto SL, et al. The Sunless Study: a Beach Randomized Trial of a Skin Cancer Prevention Intervention Promoting Sunless Tanning. Arch Dermatol. 2010;146(9):979-84. PubMed PMID: 20855696.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The sunless study: a beach randomized trial of a skin cancer prevention intervention promoting sunless tanning. AU - Pagoto,Sherry L, AU - Schneider,Kristin L, AU - Oleski,Jessica, AU - Bodenlos,Jamie S, AU - Ma,Yunsheng, PY - 2010/9/22/entrez PY - 2010/9/22/pubmed PY - 2010/10/20/medline SP - 979 EP - 84 JF - Archives of dermatology JO - Arch Dermatol VL - 146 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a skin cancer prevention intervention that promoted sunless tanning as a substitute for sunbathing. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Public beaches in Massachusetts. PARTICIPANTS: Women (N = 250) were recruited to participate in the study during their visit to a public beach. Intervention The intervention included motivational messages to use sunless tanning as an alternative to UV tanning, instructions for proper use of sunless tanning products, attractive images of women with sunless tans, a free trial of a sunless tanning product, skin cancer education, and UV imaging. The control participants completed surveys. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was sunbathing 2 months and 1 year after the intervention. Secondary outcomes included sunburns, sun protection use, and sunless tanning. RESULTS: At 2 months, intervention participants reduced their sunbathing significantly more than did controls and reported significantly fewer sunburns and greater use of protective clothing. At 1 year, intervention participants reported significant decreases in sunbathing and increases in sunless tanning relative to control participants but no differences in the other outcomes. CONCLUSION: This intervention, which promoted sunless tanning as an alternative to UV tanning, had a short-term effect on sunbathing, sunburns, and use of protective clothing and a longer-term effect on sunbathing and sunless tanning. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00403377. SN - 1538-3652 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20855696/The_sunless_study:_a_beach_randomized_trial_of_a_skin_cancer_prevention_intervention_promoting_sunless_tanning_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamadermatology/fullarticle/10.1001/archdermatol.2010.203 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -