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Do household tobacco smoking habits influence asthma, rhinitis and eczema among 13-14 year-old adolescents?
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2011 Jan-Feb; 39(1):39-44.AI

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although the harmful impact of environmental tobacco smoke on respiratory health in early childhood is well known, its effect in adolescence is still ambiguous. This study aims to examine if parents' and household tobacco smoking habits influence asthma, rhinitis and eczema in early adolescence in The Republic of Macedonia, as a country with a very high rate of household tobacco smoke exposure despite the smoking cessation campaign, and low prevalence rates of asthma, rhinitis and eczema.

METHODS

Children aged 13-14 years (n=3026) from randomly selected schools in Skopje, the capital of Macedonia, completed by themselves the standardised International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Three written questionnaires on asthma, rhinitis, eczema and potential environmental risk factors. Maternal and paternal tobacco smoking habits and the number of smokers in households were separately correlated to current and ever-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis and eczema by odds ratios (OR, 95% CI) with and without adjustments for potential confounders using binary logistic regression.

RESULTS

The maternal smoking habit was significantly positively associated only with current night dry cough apart from chest infection (aOR: 1.26; 1.03-1.54; p=0.026). No significant association was observed in relation to the other studied variables with either parental smoking habits or the number of smokers in the household.

CONCLUSION

Household tobacco smoking habits were not found to have a significant influence on asthma, rhinitis and eczema in young adolescents. The established results point out the dominant influence of maternal smoking on cough as an unspecific asthma symptom.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pulmonology and Allergology, University Children's Hospital, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia. vlaskie@sonet.com.mkNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20864245

Citation

Vlaski, Emilija, et al. "Do Household Tobacco Smoking Habits Influence Asthma, Rhinitis and Eczema Among 13-14 Year-old Adolescents?" Allergologia Et Immunopathologia, vol. 39, no. 1, 2011, pp. 39-44.
Vlaski E, Stavric K, Seckova L, et al. Do household tobacco smoking habits influence asthma, rhinitis and eczema among 13-14 year-old adolescents? Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2011;39(1):39-44.
Vlaski, E., Stavric, K., Seckova, L., Kimovska, M., & Isjanovska, R. (2011). Do household tobacco smoking habits influence asthma, rhinitis and eczema among 13-14 year-old adolescents? Allergologia Et Immunopathologia, 39(1), 39-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aller.2010.03.006
Vlaski E, et al. Do Household Tobacco Smoking Habits Influence Asthma, Rhinitis and Eczema Among 13-14 Year-old Adolescents. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2011 Jan-Feb;39(1):39-44. PubMed PMID: 20864245.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do household tobacco smoking habits influence asthma, rhinitis and eczema among 13-14 year-old adolescents? AU - Vlaski,Emilija, AU - Stavric,Katerina, AU - Seckova,Lidija, AU - Kimovska,Milica, AU - Isjanovska,Rozalinda, Y1 - 2010/09/22/ PY - 2010/01/27/received PY - 2010/03/15/revised PY - 2010/03/21/accepted PY - 2010/9/25/entrez PY - 2010/9/25/pubmed PY - 2011/4/26/medline SP - 39 EP - 44 JF - Allergologia et immunopathologia JO - Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) VL - 39 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although the harmful impact of environmental tobacco smoke on respiratory health in early childhood is well known, its effect in adolescence is still ambiguous. This study aims to examine if parents' and household tobacco smoking habits influence asthma, rhinitis and eczema in early adolescence in The Republic of Macedonia, as a country with a very high rate of household tobacco smoke exposure despite the smoking cessation campaign, and low prevalence rates of asthma, rhinitis and eczema. METHODS: Children aged 13-14 years (n=3026) from randomly selected schools in Skopje, the capital of Macedonia, completed by themselves the standardised International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Three written questionnaires on asthma, rhinitis, eczema and potential environmental risk factors. Maternal and paternal tobacco smoking habits and the number of smokers in households were separately correlated to current and ever-diagnosed asthma, rhinitis and eczema by odds ratios (OR, 95% CI) with and without adjustments for potential confounders using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: The maternal smoking habit was significantly positively associated only with current night dry cough apart from chest infection (aOR: 1.26; 1.03-1.54; p=0.026). No significant association was observed in relation to the other studied variables with either parental smoking habits or the number of smokers in the household. CONCLUSION: Household tobacco smoking habits were not found to have a significant influence on asthma, rhinitis and eczema in young adolescents. The established results point out the dominant influence of maternal smoking on cough as an unspecific asthma symptom. SN - 1578-1267 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20864245/Do_household_tobacco_smoking_habits_influence_asthma_rhinitis_and_eczema_among_13_14_year_old_adolescents L2 - http://www.elsevier.es/en/linksolver/ft/pii/S0301-0546(10)00148-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -