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Acculturative family distancing (AFD) and depression in Chinese American families.
J Consult Clin Psychol. 2010 Oct; 78(5):655-67.JC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Knowledge of acculturative processes and their impact on immigrant families remains quite limited. Acculturative family distancing (AFD) is the distancing that occurs between immigrant parents and their children and is caused by breakdowns in communication and cultural value differences. It is a more proximal and problem-focused formulation of the acculturation gap and is hypothesized to increase depression via family conflict.

METHOD

Data were collected from 105 Chinese American high school students and their mothers. Rasch modeling was used to refine the AFD measure, and structural equation modeling was used to determine the effects of AFD on youth and maternal depression.

RESULTS

Findings indicate that greater AFD was associated with higher depressive symptoms and risk for clinical depression. Family conflict partially mediated this relation for youths, whereas for mothers, AFD directly increased risk for depression. Greater mother-child heritage enculturation discrepancies were associated with greater mother and child AFD. Mainstream acculturation discrepancies and language gaps between mothers and youths were not significantly associated with any of the primary outcome variables.

CONCLUSIONS

Results highlight the need for better understanding of how AFD and other acculturation-gap phenomena affect immigrant mental health. They also underscore the need for prevention and intervention programs that target communication difficulties and intergenerational cultural value differences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Claremont McKenna College, 850 Columbia Ave., Claremont, CA 91711, USA. whwang@cmc.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20873901

Citation

Hwang, Wei-Chin, et al. "Acculturative Family Distancing (AFD) and Depression in Chinese American Families." Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, vol. 78, no. 5, 2010, pp. 655-67.
Hwang WC, Wood JJ, Fujimoto K. Acculturative family distancing (AFD) and depression in Chinese American families. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2010;78(5):655-67.
Hwang, W. C., Wood, J. J., & Fujimoto, K. (2010). Acculturative family distancing (AFD) and depression in Chinese American families. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(5), 655-67. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020542
Hwang WC, Wood JJ, Fujimoto K. Acculturative Family Distancing (AFD) and Depression in Chinese American Families. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2010;78(5):655-67. PubMed PMID: 20873901.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acculturative family distancing (AFD) and depression in Chinese American families. AU - Hwang,Wei-Chin, AU - Wood,Jeffrey J, AU - Fujimoto,Ken, PY - 2010/9/30/entrez PY - 2010/9/30/pubmed PY - 2011/1/22/medline SP - 655 EP - 67 JF - Journal of consulting and clinical psychology JO - J Consult Clin Psychol VL - 78 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of acculturative processes and their impact on immigrant families remains quite limited. Acculturative family distancing (AFD) is the distancing that occurs between immigrant parents and their children and is caused by breakdowns in communication and cultural value differences. It is a more proximal and problem-focused formulation of the acculturation gap and is hypothesized to increase depression via family conflict. METHOD: Data were collected from 105 Chinese American high school students and their mothers. Rasch modeling was used to refine the AFD measure, and structural equation modeling was used to determine the effects of AFD on youth and maternal depression. RESULTS: Findings indicate that greater AFD was associated with higher depressive symptoms and risk for clinical depression. Family conflict partially mediated this relation for youths, whereas for mothers, AFD directly increased risk for depression. Greater mother-child heritage enculturation discrepancies were associated with greater mother and child AFD. Mainstream acculturation discrepancies and language gaps between mothers and youths were not significantly associated with any of the primary outcome variables. CONCLUSIONS: Results highlight the need for better understanding of how AFD and other acculturation-gap phenomena affect immigrant mental health. They also underscore the need for prevention and intervention programs that target communication difficulties and intergenerational cultural value differences. SN - 1939-2117 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20873901/Acculturative_family_distancing__AFD__and_depression_in_Chinese_American_families_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ccp/78/5/655 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -