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The role of natural products in the discovery of new drug candidates for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders I: Parkinson's disease.
CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2011 Mar; 10(2):239-50.CN

Abstract

Neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are currently incurable pathologies with huge social and economic impacts closely related to the increasing of life expectancy in modern times. Although the clinical and neuropathological aspects of these debilitating disorders are distinct, they share a pattern of neurodegeneration in anatomically or functionally related regions. For each disease, presently available treatments only address symptoms and do not alter the course or progression of the underlying diseases. In this context, the search for new effective chemical entities, capable of acting on diverse biochemical targets, with new mechanisms of action and low toxicity are genuine challenges to research groups and the pharmaceutical industry. This medical need has led to the reemerging of modern natural products chemistry that has yielded sophisticated and complex new lead molecules for drug discovery and development. In this review we discuss some of the main contributions of the natural products chemistry that covers multiple and varied plant species. Advances in the discovery of active constituents of plants, herbs, and extracts prescribed by traditional medicine practices for the treatment of senile neurodegenerative disorders, especially for PD, in the period after the 2000s is reviewed. The most important contributions from the 1990s are also discussed. The review also focuses on the pharmacological mechanisms of action that might underlie the purported beneficial improvements in memory and cognition, neurovascular function, and in neuroprotection. It is concluded that natural product chemistry brings tremendous diversity and historical precedent to a huge area of unmet medical need.

Authors+Show Affiliations

LFQM - Laboratório de Fitoquímica e Química Medicinal, Instituto de Ciências Exatas, Universidade Federal de Alfenas (UNIFAL-MG), 37130-000, Alfenas, MG, Brazil.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20874702

Citation

Campos, Helineide Cristina, et al. "The Role of Natural Products in the Discovery of New Drug Candidates for the Treatment of Neurodegenerative Disorders I: Parkinson's Disease." CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets, vol. 10, no. 2, 2011, pp. 239-50.
Campos HC, da Rocha MD, Viegas FP, et al. The role of natural products in the discovery of new drug candidates for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders I: Parkinson's disease. CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2011;10(2):239-50.
Campos, H. C., da Rocha, M. D., Viegas, F. P., Nicastro, P. C., Fossaluzza, P. C., Fraga, C. A., Barreiro, E. J., & Viegas, C. (2011). The role of natural products in the discovery of new drug candidates for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders I: Parkinson's disease. CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets, 10(2), 239-50.
Campos HC, et al. The Role of Natural Products in the Discovery of New Drug Candidates for the Treatment of Neurodegenerative Disorders I: Parkinson's Disease. CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2011;10(2):239-50. PubMed PMID: 20874702.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The role of natural products in the discovery of new drug candidates for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders I: Parkinson's disease. AU - Campos,Helineide Cristina, AU - da Rocha,Miguel Divino, AU - Viegas,Flávia Pereira Dias, AU - Nicastro,Patrícia Carolina, AU - Fossaluzza,Poliana Calve, AU - Fraga,Carlos Alberto Manssour, AU - Barreiro,Eliezer J, AU - Viegas,Claudio,Jr PY - 2009/10/26/received PY - 2010/03/26/accepted PY - 2010/9/30/entrez PY - 2010/9/30/pubmed PY - 2011/8/4/medline SP - 239 EP - 50 JF - CNS & neurological disorders drug targets JO - CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets VL - 10 IS - 2 N2 - Neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), Alzheimer's disease (AD), Huntington's disease (HD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are currently incurable pathologies with huge social and economic impacts closely related to the increasing of life expectancy in modern times. Although the clinical and neuropathological aspects of these debilitating disorders are distinct, they share a pattern of neurodegeneration in anatomically or functionally related regions. For each disease, presently available treatments only address symptoms and do not alter the course or progression of the underlying diseases. In this context, the search for new effective chemical entities, capable of acting on diverse biochemical targets, with new mechanisms of action and low toxicity are genuine challenges to research groups and the pharmaceutical industry. This medical need has led to the reemerging of modern natural products chemistry that has yielded sophisticated and complex new lead molecules for drug discovery and development. In this review we discuss some of the main contributions of the natural products chemistry that covers multiple and varied plant species. Advances in the discovery of active constituents of plants, herbs, and extracts prescribed by traditional medicine practices for the treatment of senile neurodegenerative disorders, especially for PD, in the period after the 2000s is reviewed. The most important contributions from the 1990s are also discussed. The review also focuses on the pharmacological mechanisms of action that might underlie the purported beneficial improvements in memory and cognition, neurovascular function, and in neuroprotection. It is concluded that natural product chemistry brings tremendous diversity and historical precedent to a huge area of unmet medical need. SN - 1996-3181 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20874702/The_role_of_natural_products_in_the_discovery_of_new_drug_candidates_for_the_treatment_of_neurodegenerative_disorders_I:_Parkinson's_disease_ L2 - https://www.ingentaconnect.com/openurl?genre=article&issn=1871-5273&volume=10&issue=2&spage=239&aulast=Campos DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -