Enhanced capillary amyloid angiopathy-associated pathology in Tg-SwDI mice with deleted nitric oxide synthase 2.Stroke. 2010 Oct; 41(10 Suppl):S135-8.S
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
Cerebral amyloid angiopathy Type 1 is characterized by amyloid β protein deposition along cerebral capillaries and is accompanied by perivascular neuroinflammation and accumulation of phospho-tau protein. Tg-SwDI mice recapitulate capillary amyloid deposition and associated neuroinflammation but lack accumulation of perivascular phospho-tau protein.
Tg-SwDI mice were bred onto a nitric oxide synthase 2 gene knockout background and aged for 1 year. Brains were harvested and analyzed using immunohistochemical and quantitative stereological methods to determine the extent of capillary amyloid deposition, perivascular activated microglia, and cell-specific accumulation of phospho-tau protein. Similar methods were also used to compare Tg-SwDI/NOS2(-/-) and human cerebral amyloid angiopathy Type 1 brain tissues.
The absence of nitric oxide synthase 2 gene had no effect on the regional pattern or frequency of capillary cerebral amyloid angiopathy or the numbers of perivascular activated microglia in Tg-SwDI mice. On the other hand, Tg-SwDI/NOS2(-/-) mice accumulated phospho-tau protein in perivascular neurons and activated microglia. Tg-SwDI/NOS2(-/-) mice exhibited a very similar distribution of capillary amyloid, activated microglia, and perivascular phospho-tau protein as seen in human cerebral amyloid angiopathy Type 1.
These findings indicate that Tg-SwDI/NOS2(-/-) mice more fully recapitulate the pathological changes observed with capillary amyloid in human cerebral amyloid angiopathy Type 1.