Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Nutritional overview on the management of type 2 diabetes and the prevention of its complications.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is an increasing world health problem; particularly the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has assumed epidemic dimensions in Western industrialized societies. It is mainly the environmental, dietary and lifestyle behavioral factors that are the control keys in the progress of this disease. Several epidemiological studies have linked over nutrition and lack of physical activity with type 2 diabetes. Indeed, the excessive consumption of energy dense foods as source of carbohydrates and fats along with ineffective medical management has negative impact on controlling blood glucose levels and on insulin response. This usually leads to a hyperglycemic state, which is associated with the development of the devastating secondary complications. Dietary guidelines have always been important for people with diabetes mellitus. Nutrition management aims to improve health quality maintaining blood glucose levels in normal range so as to reduce the risk for diabetes complications. A well-balanced diet that provides the essential macro- and micro-nutrients is always an impaired need for a patient with diabetes. In this article nutrition recommendations will be displayed for the management of diabetes type 2 and the prevention of its complications. Particular emphasis will be given to the important role of micronutrients such as trace elements and vitamins as well as to the potentiality of some dietary agents to inhibit aldose reductase enzyme, implicated in the etiology of diabetes complications.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece. kpegklid@pharm.auth.gr

    ,

    Source

    Current diabetes reviews 6:6 2010 Nov pg 400-9

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Aldehyde Reductase
    Blood Glucose
    Blood Pressure
    Body Weight
    Child
    Diabetes Complications
    Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
    Diet, Mediterranean
    Dietary Carbohydrates
    Dietary Fats
    Dietary Fiber
    Dietary Proteins
    Energy Intake
    Exercise
    Humans
    Lipids
    Micronutrients
    Middle Aged

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20879970

    Citation

    Pegklidou, Kyriaki, et al. "Nutritional Overview On the Management of Type 2 Diabetes and the Prevention of Its Complications." Current Diabetes Reviews, vol. 6, no. 6, 2010, pp. 400-9.
    Pegklidou K, Nicolaou I, Demopoulos VJ. Nutritional overview on the management of type 2 diabetes and the prevention of its complications. Curr Diabetes Rev. 2010;6(6):400-9.
    Pegklidou, K., Nicolaou, I., & Demopoulos, V. J. (2010). Nutritional overview on the management of type 2 diabetes and the prevention of its complications. Current Diabetes Reviews, 6(6), pp. 400-9.
    Pegklidou K, Nicolaou I, Demopoulos VJ. Nutritional Overview On the Management of Type 2 Diabetes and the Prevention of Its Complications. Curr Diabetes Rev. 2010;6(6):400-9. PubMed PMID: 20879970.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional overview on the management of type 2 diabetes and the prevention of its complications. AU - Pegklidou,Kyriaki, AU - Nicolaou,Ioannis, AU - Demopoulos,Vassilis J, PY - 2010/06/14/received PY - 2010/08/06/accepted PY - 2010/10/1/entrez PY - 2010/10/1/pubmed PY - 2011/2/25/medline SP - 400 EP - 9 JF - Current diabetes reviews JO - Curr Diabetes Rev VL - 6 IS - 6 N2 - Diabetes mellitus is an increasing world health problem; particularly the prevalence of type 2 diabetes has assumed epidemic dimensions in Western industrialized societies. It is mainly the environmental, dietary and lifestyle behavioral factors that are the control keys in the progress of this disease. Several epidemiological studies have linked over nutrition and lack of physical activity with type 2 diabetes. Indeed, the excessive consumption of energy dense foods as source of carbohydrates and fats along with ineffective medical management has negative impact on controlling blood glucose levels and on insulin response. This usually leads to a hyperglycemic state, which is associated with the development of the devastating secondary complications. Dietary guidelines have always been important for people with diabetes mellitus. Nutrition management aims to improve health quality maintaining blood glucose levels in normal range so as to reduce the risk for diabetes complications. A well-balanced diet that provides the essential macro- and micro-nutrients is always an impaired need for a patient with diabetes. In this article nutrition recommendations will be displayed for the management of diabetes type 2 and the prevention of its complications. Particular emphasis will be given to the important role of micronutrients such as trace elements and vitamins as well as to the potentiality of some dietary agents to inhibit aldose reductase enzyme, implicated in the etiology of diabetes complications. SN - 1875-6417 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20879970/Nutritional_overview_on_the_management_of_type_2_diabetes_and_the_prevention_of_its_complications_ L2 - http://www.eurekaselect.com/72838/article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -