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Do smooth waters run deep? Alcohol intoxication and the effects of water consumption on driving-related cognitions and behavior.
Eur Addict Res. 2011; 17(1):21-8.EA

Abstract

The present study tested the effect of the combined use of alcohol and water on driving-related cognitions and behavior. Seventy-four female students performed a driving simulator task after having consumed alcohol or a placebo. Additionally, half of the participants consumed 0.5 liter of water. It was hypothesized that combining alcohol and water could lead to an underestimated perceived intoxication level resulting in more favorable driving cognitions and increased risk behavior. Our findings showed that the combined use of water and alcohol did not affect cognitions or behavior. Surprisingly, in the placebo condition, water intake increased risky driving cognitions and behavior in women with a history of accident involvement. Lacking a clear counterproductive effect when combined with alcohol, water could be a useful tool in limiting alcohol use among female drinkers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20881402

Citation

Spaanjaars, N L., et al. "Do Smooth Waters Run Deep? Alcohol Intoxication and the Effects of Water Consumption On Driving-related Cognitions and Behavior." European Addiction Research, vol. 17, no. 1, 2011, pp. 21-8.
Spaanjaars NL, Spijkerman R, Engels RC. Do smooth waters run deep? Alcohol intoxication and the effects of water consumption on driving-related cognitions and behavior. Eur Addict Res. 2011;17(1):21-8.
Spaanjaars, N. L., Spijkerman, R., & Engels, R. C. (2011). Do smooth waters run deep? Alcohol intoxication and the effects of water consumption on driving-related cognitions and behavior. European Addiction Research, 17(1), 21-8. https://doi.org/10.1159/000321257
Spaanjaars NL, Spijkerman R, Engels RC. Do Smooth Waters Run Deep? Alcohol Intoxication and the Effects of Water Consumption On Driving-related Cognitions and Behavior. Eur Addict Res. 2011;17(1):21-8. PubMed PMID: 20881402.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Do smooth waters run deep? Alcohol intoxication and the effects of water consumption on driving-related cognitions and behavior. AU - Spaanjaars,N L, AU - Spijkerman,R, AU - Engels,R C M E, Y1 - 2010/09/25/ PY - 2010/10/1/entrez PY - 2010/10/1/pubmed PY - 2011/3/19/medline SP - 21 EP - 8 JF - European addiction research JO - Eur Addict Res VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - The present study tested the effect of the combined use of alcohol and water on driving-related cognitions and behavior. Seventy-four female students performed a driving simulator task after having consumed alcohol or a placebo. Additionally, half of the participants consumed 0.5 liter of water. It was hypothesized that combining alcohol and water could lead to an underestimated perceived intoxication level resulting in more favorable driving cognitions and increased risk behavior. Our findings showed that the combined use of water and alcohol did not affect cognitions or behavior. Surprisingly, in the placebo condition, water intake increased risky driving cognitions and behavior in women with a history of accident involvement. Lacking a clear counterproductive effect when combined with alcohol, water could be a useful tool in limiting alcohol use among female drinkers. SN - 1421-9891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20881402/Do_smooth_waters_run_deep_Alcohol_intoxication_and_the_effects_of_water_consumption_on_driving_related_cognitions_and_behavior_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000321257 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -