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Occupational demands and health effects for bricklayers and construction supervisors: A systematic review.
Am J Ind Med. 2011 Jan; 54(1):55-77.AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

knowledge was gathered on occupational demands and health effects of two occupations in the construction industry, bricklayers and supervisors, in order to design a job-specific workers' health surveillance (WHS) for construction workers.

METHODS

we systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, HSELINE, NIOSHTIC-2, and Picarta up to December 2008.

RESULTS

a total of 60 articles were included. Evidence was found for the following demands for bricklayers: energetic load (exceeding 25% heart rate reserve), load on the lower back (exceeding the NIOSH-threshold value of 3.4 kN), repetitive force exertions of the upper extremities, frequent bending with trunk flexion exceeding 60° and working with the arms more than 60° elevated. Environmental demands include: dust and quartz exposure (exceeding the limit values of 3.0 and 0.05 mg/m(3), respectively), vibration and noise (exceeding the limit value of 80 dBA). Bricklayers are at increased risk of lung cancer, low back pain, complaints of arms and legs and getting injuries. Among construction supervisors are walking and standing common physically demanding activities. Psychosocial demands with evidence for supervisors were mental demands, workload, time pressure, working long hours, and social-organizational factors. Supervisors are at increased risk of lung cancer and injuries.

CONCLUSIONS

for bricklayers evidence was found for physical demands and risk on low back pain and complaints of arms and legs, for construction supervisors on psychosocial demands. Both occupations are at increased risk of lung cancer and injuries. Job-specific demands and health effects should be incorporated in WHS for construction workers.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Coronel Institute of Occupational Health, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. j.s.boschman@amc.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20886532

Citation

Boschman, Julitta S., et al. "Occupational Demands and Health Effects for Bricklayers and Construction Supervisors: a Systematic Review." American Journal of Industrial Medicine, vol. 54, no. 1, 2011, pp. 55-77.
Boschman JS, van der Molen HF, Sluiter JK, et al. Occupational demands and health effects for bricklayers and construction supervisors: A systematic review. Am J Ind Med. 2011;54(1):55-77.
Boschman, J. S., van der Molen, H. F., Sluiter, J. K., & Frings-Dresen, M. H. (2011). Occupational demands and health effects for bricklayers and construction supervisors: A systematic review. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 54(1), 55-77. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.20899
Boschman JS, et al. Occupational Demands and Health Effects for Bricklayers and Construction Supervisors: a Systematic Review. Am J Ind Med. 2011;54(1):55-77. PubMed PMID: 20886532.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occupational demands and health effects for bricklayers and construction supervisors: A systematic review. AU - Boschman,Julitta S, AU - van der Molen,Henk F, AU - Sluiter,Judith K, AU - Frings-Dresen,Monique H W, PY - 2010/10/2/entrez PY - 2010/10/5/pubmed PY - 2011/4/6/medline SP - 55 EP - 77 JF - American journal of industrial medicine JO - Am. J. Ind. Med. VL - 54 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: knowledge was gathered on occupational demands and health effects of two occupations in the construction industry, bricklayers and supervisors, in order to design a job-specific workers' health surveillance (WHS) for construction workers. METHODS: we systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, HSELINE, NIOSHTIC-2, and Picarta up to December 2008. RESULTS: a total of 60 articles were included. Evidence was found for the following demands for bricklayers: energetic load (exceeding 25% heart rate reserve), load on the lower back (exceeding the NIOSH-threshold value of 3.4 kN), repetitive force exertions of the upper extremities, frequent bending with trunk flexion exceeding 60° and working with the arms more than 60° elevated. Environmental demands include: dust and quartz exposure (exceeding the limit values of 3.0 and 0.05 mg/m(3), respectively), vibration and noise (exceeding the limit value of 80 dBA). Bricklayers are at increased risk of lung cancer, low back pain, complaints of arms and legs and getting injuries. Among construction supervisors are walking and standing common physically demanding activities. Psychosocial demands with evidence for supervisors were mental demands, workload, time pressure, working long hours, and social-organizational factors. Supervisors are at increased risk of lung cancer and injuries. CONCLUSIONS: for bricklayers evidence was found for physical demands and risk on low back pain and complaints of arms and legs, for construction supervisors on psychosocial demands. Both occupations are at increased risk of lung cancer and injuries. Job-specific demands and health effects should be incorporated in WHS for construction workers. SN - 1097-0274 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20886532/Occupational_demands_and_health_effects_for_bricklayers_and_construction_supervisors:_A_systematic_review_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.20899 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -