Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dietary intakes of Pacific, Māori, Asian and European adolescents: the Auckland High School Heart Survey.
Aust N Z J Public Health. 2010 Feb; 34(1):32-7.AN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare dietary intakes of European, Māori, Pacific Island and Asian adolescents living in Auckland.

METHODS

A self-administered food frequency questionnaire was used to assess daily nutrient intakes of 2,549 14- to 21-year-old high-school students in Auckland (1,422 male and 1,127 female) in a cross-sectional survey carried out between 1997 and 1998.

RESULTS

Compared with Europeans, Māori and Pacific Islanders consumed more energy per day. Carbohydrate, protein and fat intakes were higher in Māori and Pacific Islanders than in Europeans. Cholesterol intakes were lowest in Europeans and alcohol intakes were highest in Europeans and Māori. When nutrient intakes were expressed as their percentage contribution to total energy, many ethnic differences in nutrient intakes between Europeans and Māori or Pacific Islanders were eliminated. After adjustment for energy intake and age, Europeans ate the fewest eggs, and Pacific Islanders and Asians ate more servings of chicken and fish, and fewer servings of milk and cereal than Europeans. Compared to Europeans, Pacific Islanders consumed larger portion sizes for nearly every food item.

CONCLUSION

There were marked differences in nutrient intakes between Pacific, Māori, Asian and European adolescents. Ethnic differences in food selections, frequency of food servings and portion sizes contribute to the differences in nutrient intakes between these ethnic groups. These differences generally matched those of other studies in children and adults from these ethnic groups.

IMPLICATIONS

Interventions that reduce frequency of food consumption and serving sizes and promote less-fatty food choices in Māori and Pacific adolescents are needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Auckland, New Zealand.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20920102

Citation

Sluyter, John D., et al. "Dietary Intakes of Pacific, Māori, Asian and European Adolescents: the Auckland High School Heart Survey." Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, vol. 34, no. 1, 2010, pp. 32-7.
Sluyter JD, Schaaf D, Metcalf PA, et al. Dietary intakes of Pacific, Māori, Asian and European adolescents: the Auckland High School Heart Survey. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2010;34(1):32-7.
Sluyter, J. D., Schaaf, D., Metcalf, P. A., & Scragg, R. K. (2010). Dietary intakes of Pacific, Māori, Asian and European adolescents: the Auckland High School Heart Survey. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34(1), 32-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00470.x
Sluyter JD, et al. Dietary Intakes of Pacific, Māori, Asian and European Adolescents: the Auckland High School Heart Survey. Aust N Z J Public Health. 2010;34(1):32-7. PubMed PMID: 20920102.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intakes of Pacific, Māori, Asian and European adolescents: the Auckland High School Heart Survey. AU - Sluyter,John D, AU - Schaaf,David, AU - Metcalf,Patricia A, AU - Scragg,Robert K R, PY - 2010/10/6/entrez PY - 2010/10/6/pubmed PY - 2010/10/26/medline SP - 32 EP - 7 JF - Australian and New Zealand journal of public health JO - Aust N Z J Public Health VL - 34 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare dietary intakes of European, Māori, Pacific Island and Asian adolescents living in Auckland. METHODS: A self-administered food frequency questionnaire was used to assess daily nutrient intakes of 2,549 14- to 21-year-old high-school students in Auckland (1,422 male and 1,127 female) in a cross-sectional survey carried out between 1997 and 1998. RESULTS: Compared with Europeans, Māori and Pacific Islanders consumed more energy per day. Carbohydrate, protein and fat intakes were higher in Māori and Pacific Islanders than in Europeans. Cholesterol intakes were lowest in Europeans and alcohol intakes were highest in Europeans and Māori. When nutrient intakes were expressed as their percentage contribution to total energy, many ethnic differences in nutrient intakes between Europeans and Māori or Pacific Islanders were eliminated. After adjustment for energy intake and age, Europeans ate the fewest eggs, and Pacific Islanders and Asians ate more servings of chicken and fish, and fewer servings of milk and cereal than Europeans. Compared to Europeans, Pacific Islanders consumed larger portion sizes for nearly every food item. CONCLUSION: There were marked differences in nutrient intakes between Pacific, Māori, Asian and European adolescents. Ethnic differences in food selections, frequency of food servings and portion sizes contribute to the differences in nutrient intakes between these ethnic groups. These differences generally matched those of other studies in children and adults from these ethnic groups. IMPLICATIONS: Interventions that reduce frequency of food consumption and serving sizes and promote less-fatty food choices in Māori and Pacific adolescents are needed. SN - 1753-6405 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20920102/Dietary_intakes_of_Pacific_Māori_Asian_and_European_adolescents:_the_Auckland_High_School_Heart_Survey_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00470.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -