Three new dammarane-type triterpene saponins from the leaves of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer.J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2010 Oct; 12(10):865-73.JA
Three new dammarane-type triterpene ginsenosides, together with six known ginsenosides, were isolated from the leaves of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer. The new saponins were named as ginsenoside Rh₁₁, ginsenoside Rh₁₂, and ginsenoside Rh₁₃. Their structures were elucidated as (20S)-3β,6α,12β,20-tetrahydroxydammara-25-ene-24-one 20-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (1), (20S)-3β,12β,20,24,25-pentahydroxydammarane 20-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (2), and (20S,23E)-3β,12β,20,25-tetrahydroxydammara-23-ene 20-O-β-d-glucopyranoside (3) on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR experiments and mass spectra. The known ginsenosides were identified as ginsenoside M(₇cd), ginsenoside Rg₆, ginsenoside Rb₃, gypenoside XVII, gypenoside IX, and 20-(E)-ginsenoside F₄.