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Mothers' Adult Attachment Interview ratings predict preschool children's IQ following domestic violence exposure.
Attach Hum Dev. 2010 Nov; 12(6):505-27.AH

Abstract

This study examined links between mothers' Adult Attachment Interview ratings (AAI; Main, Goldwyn, & Hesse, 2003) and their preschool children's IQ among 70 families who had experienced domestic violence. As predicted, children displayed significantly stronger verbal and perceptual-organizational abilities when their mothers exhibited more secure, i.e. coherent, states of mind regarding attachment. Mothers' coherence of mind on the AAI explained 18% of the variance in children's Verbal IQ and 12% of the variance in children's Performance IQ, after controlling for maternal education. Mothers' attachment security also was related to children's total IQ score, but this association was accounted for by effects on children's Verbal IQ. Children whose mothers were rated as unclassifiable on the AAI and those whose mothers were unresolved/insecure had lower IQ scores. Although mothers who appeared more secure on the AAI were more sensitively responsive toward their children, mediational analyses suggested that there was a direct link between mothers' security and children's IQ that was not explained by sensitive parenting. This suggests that clinical interventions for children exposed to domestic violence should include helping their mothers achieve coherent ways of thinking about their own childhood experiences, including past trauma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. amy_busch@yahoo.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20931412

Citation

Busch, Amy L., and Alicia F. Lieberman. "Mothers' Adult Attachment Interview Ratings Predict Preschool Children's IQ Following Domestic Violence Exposure." Attachment & Human Development, vol. 12, no. 6, 2010, pp. 505-27.
Busch AL, Lieberman AF. Mothers' Adult Attachment Interview ratings predict preschool children's IQ following domestic violence exposure. Attach Hum Dev. 2010;12(6):505-27.
Busch, A. L., & Lieberman, A. F. (2010). Mothers' Adult Attachment Interview ratings predict preschool children's IQ following domestic violence exposure. Attachment & Human Development, 12(6), 505-27. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616734.2010.504542
Busch AL, Lieberman AF. Mothers' Adult Attachment Interview Ratings Predict Preschool Children's IQ Following Domestic Violence Exposure. Attach Hum Dev. 2010;12(6):505-27. PubMed PMID: 20931412.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mothers' Adult Attachment Interview ratings predict preschool children's IQ following domestic violence exposure. AU - Busch,Amy L, AU - Lieberman,Alicia F, PY - 2010/10/9/entrez PY - 2010/10/12/pubmed PY - 2011/2/18/medline SP - 505 EP - 27 JF - Attachment & human development JO - Attach Hum Dev VL - 12 IS - 6 N2 - This study examined links between mothers' Adult Attachment Interview ratings (AAI; Main, Goldwyn, & Hesse, 2003) and their preschool children's IQ among 70 families who had experienced domestic violence. As predicted, children displayed significantly stronger verbal and perceptual-organizational abilities when their mothers exhibited more secure, i.e. coherent, states of mind regarding attachment. Mothers' coherence of mind on the AAI explained 18% of the variance in children's Verbal IQ and 12% of the variance in children's Performance IQ, after controlling for maternal education. Mothers' attachment security also was related to children's total IQ score, but this association was accounted for by effects on children's Verbal IQ. Children whose mothers were rated as unclassifiable on the AAI and those whose mothers were unresolved/insecure had lower IQ scores. Although mothers who appeared more secure on the AAI were more sensitively responsive toward their children, mediational analyses suggested that there was a direct link between mothers' security and children's IQ that was not explained by sensitive parenting. This suggests that clinical interventions for children exposed to domestic violence should include helping their mothers achieve coherent ways of thinking about their own childhood experiences, including past trauma. SN - 1469-2988 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20931412/Mothers'_Adult_Attachment_Interview_ratings_predict_preschool_children's_IQ_following_domestic_violence_exposure_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/14616734.2010.504542 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -