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Perceived norms for drinking in the transition from high school to college and beyond.
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010 Nov; 71(6):895-903.JS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We evaluated selection and socialization processes associated with perceived descriptive norms and drinking from high school through the first 2 years of college.

METHOD

Participants (n = 2,247; 61.6% female) completed measures of high school drinking and descriptive drinking norms for their social group and the typical student at the university they were entering, as well as alcohol use and social-group norms through their sophomore year of college. We conducted structural equation models by gender and ethnicity to test high school drinking and drinking norms as predictors of collegiate drinking and social-group norms.

RESULTS

Perceptions of typical-college-student drinking during high school predicted freshman-year drinking for men but not women and for White but not Asian or Hispanic students. High school social-group norms predicted freshman drinking for White but not Asian or Hispanic students, whereas freshman social-group norms predicted sophomore drinking for all participants.

CONCLUSIONS

Selection and socialization processes co-occur during this transitional time. Heavy drinkers in high school who perceive their friends to be heavy drinkers select into college social groups with perceived heavy drinking. Men and White students who perceive heavy drinking by the typical college student tend to drink heavily in college and choose social groups with perceived heavy drinking. These results support the importance of interventions that are tailored to the individual and that target perceptions of typical-college-student and social-group drinking before entering college for Whites and men but after matriculation for women, Asian, and Hispanic students.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, The University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station A8000, Austin, Texas 78712, USA. cstappenbeck@mail.utexas.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20946747

Citation

Stappenbeck, Cynthia A., et al. "Perceived Norms for Drinking in the Transition From High School to College and Beyond." Journal of Studies On Alcohol and Drugs, vol. 71, no. 6, 2010, pp. 895-903.
Stappenbeck CA, Quinn PD, Wetherill RR, et al. Perceived norms for drinking in the transition from high school to college and beyond. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010;71(6):895-903.
Stappenbeck, C. A., Quinn, P. D., Wetherill, R. R., & Fromme, K. (2010). Perceived norms for drinking in the transition from high school to college and beyond. Journal of Studies On Alcohol and Drugs, 71(6), 895-903.
Stappenbeck CA, et al. Perceived Norms for Drinking in the Transition From High School to College and Beyond. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010;71(6):895-903. PubMed PMID: 20946747.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Perceived norms for drinking in the transition from high school to college and beyond. AU - Stappenbeck,Cynthia A, AU - Quinn,Patrick D, AU - Wetherill,Reagan R, AU - Fromme,Kim, PY - 2010/10/16/entrez PY - 2010/10/16/pubmed PY - 2011/8/31/medline SP - 895 EP - 903 JF - Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs JO - J Stud Alcohol Drugs VL - 71 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We evaluated selection and socialization processes associated with perceived descriptive norms and drinking from high school through the first 2 years of college. METHOD: Participants (n = 2,247; 61.6% female) completed measures of high school drinking and descriptive drinking norms for their social group and the typical student at the university they were entering, as well as alcohol use and social-group norms through their sophomore year of college. We conducted structural equation models by gender and ethnicity to test high school drinking and drinking norms as predictors of collegiate drinking and social-group norms. RESULTS: Perceptions of typical-college-student drinking during high school predicted freshman-year drinking for men but not women and for White but not Asian or Hispanic students. High school social-group norms predicted freshman drinking for White but not Asian or Hispanic students, whereas freshman social-group norms predicted sophomore drinking for all participants. CONCLUSIONS: Selection and socialization processes co-occur during this transitional time. Heavy drinkers in high school who perceive their friends to be heavy drinkers select into college social groups with perceived heavy drinking. Men and White students who perceive heavy drinking by the typical college student tend to drink heavily in college and choose social groups with perceived heavy drinking. These results support the importance of interventions that are tailored to the individual and that target perceptions of typical-college-student and social-group drinking before entering college for Whites and men but after matriculation for women, Asian, and Hispanic students. SN - 1938-4114 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20946747/Perceived_norms_for_drinking_in_the_transition_from_high_school_to_college_and_beyond_ L2 - https://www.jsad.com/doi/abs/10.15288/jsad.2010.71.895 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -