Diabetes management of elective hospital admissions.Diabet Med. 2010 Nov; 27(11):1289-94.DM
At any given time, people with diabetes occupy approximately 10-20% of acute hospital beds. In addition, diabetes is associated with a greater length of stay. Patients undergoing elective procedures occupy approximately 50% of hospital beds. The aim of this 12-month project was to improve the quality of diabetes care for elective inpatients. The primary outcome measure was length of stay.
A team was established to improve the quality of care and reduce the length of stay of all patients admitted electively with diabetes. Specific areas of focus were surgical pre-assessment, planning the admission, post-operative care and planning a safe discharge. A retrospective audit of all elective patients with a coded diagnosis of diabetes admitted between June 2008 and June 2009 was performed.
Comparing the year of the project with the preceding year day-case rates for patients with diabetes increased by 34.8% for diabetes vs. 13.7% for the total hospital population (P for difference=0.048). There was a significant fall in diabetes length of stay of 0.34 days comparing 2008 and 2009 (P=0.040). Over the same period, we have shown a smaller reduction in length of stay for all other admissions of 0.08 days (p=0.039).
A team specifically employed to focus on elective inpatient diabetes care have a significant impact on length of stay of this patient group with potential cost savings.