Arbuscular mycorrhizal phytoremediation of soils contaminated with phenanthrene and pyrene.J Hazard Mater. 2011 Jan 30; 185(2-3):703-9.JH
An available remediation technique--arbuscular mycorrhizal phytoremediation (AMPR)--is further proposed for soils contaminated with phenanthrene and pyrene as representative polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) utilizing a greenhouse pot experiment. The initial concentrations of phenanthrene and/or pyrene in soils were 103 mg kg(-1) and 74 mg kg(-1), respectively. The host plant was alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), and the experimental arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) were Glomus mosseae and G. etunicatum. More than 98.6% and 88.1% of phenanthrene and pyrene were degraded after 70 days in soils with AMPR. Use of multiple mycorrhizal species significantly promoted degradation of PAHs in soils. The co-contaminant (pyrene) present clearly inhibited the degradation of a single PAH (phenanthrene) in soil. Mycorrhizal colonization caused increased accumulation of PAHs in plant roots but a decrease in shoot. However, plant uptake contributed negligibly to PAH dissipation in AMPR, and plant accumulated PAHs amounted to less than 3.24% of total PAH degradation in mycorrhizal soils. In contrast, the optimized microbiota in mycorrhizal association was responsible for PAH degradation in AMPR. The high rate of PAH dissipation in mycorrhizal soils, the evident promotion of PAH degradation by AM colonization, and the healthy plant growth suggest encouraging opportunities for AMPR of PAH-contaminated soils.