Rapid electrochemical detection of polyaniline-labeled Escherichia coli O157:H7.Biosens Bioelectron. 2011 Jan 15; 26(5):2208-14.BB
There is a high demand for rapid, sensitive, and field-ready detection methods for Escherichia coli O157:H7, a highly infectious and potentially fatal food and water borne pathogen. In this study, E. coli O157:H7 cells are isolated via immunomagnetic separation (IMS) and labeled with biofunctionalized electroactive polyaniline (immuno-PANI). Labeled cell complexes are deposited onto a disposable screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) sensor and pulled to the electrode surface by an external magnetic field, to amplify the electrochemical signal generated by the polyaniline. Cyclic voltammetry is used to detect polyaniline and signal magnitude indicates the presence or absence of E. coli O157:H7. As few as 7CFU of E. coli O157:H7 (corresponding to an original concentration of 70 CFU/ml) were successfully detected on the SPCE sensor. The assay requires 70 min from sampling to detection, giving it a major advantage over standard culture methods in applications requiring high-throughput screening of samples and rapid results. The method can be performed with portable, handheld instrumentation and no biological modification of the sensor surface is required. Potential applications include field-based pathogen detection for food and water safety, environmental monitoring, healthcare, and biodefense.