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Genetics as a modernization program: biological research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes and the political economy of the Nazi State.
Hist Stud Nat Sci. 2010 Fall; 40(4):429-56.HS

Abstract

During the Third Reich, the biological institutes of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (KWG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft) underwent a substantial reorganization and modernization. This paper discusses the development of projects in the fields of biochemical genetics, virus research, radiation genetics, and plant genetics that were initiated in those years. These cases exemplify, on the one hand, the political conditions for biological research in the Nazi state. They highlight how leading scientists advanced their projects by building close ties with politicians and science-funding organizations and companies. On the other hand, the study examines how the contents of research were shaped by, and how they contributed to, the aims and needs of the political economy of the Nazi system. This paper therefore aims not only to highlight basic aspects of scientific development under Nazism, but also to provide general insights into the structure of the Third Reich and the dynamics of its war economy.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Berlin, Germany, gausemeier@mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de.

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20957826

Citation

Gausemeier, Bernd. "Genetics as a Modernization Program: Biological Research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes and the Political Economy of the Nazi State." Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, vol. 40, no. 4, 2010, pp. 429-56.
Gausemeier B. Genetics as a modernization program: biological research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes and the political economy of the Nazi State. Hist Stud Nat Sci. 2010;40(4):429-56.
Gausemeier, B. (2010). Genetics as a modernization program: biological research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes and the political economy of the Nazi State. Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, 40(4), 429-56.
Gausemeier B. Genetics as a Modernization Program: Biological Research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes and the Political Economy of the Nazi State. Hist Stud Nat Sci. 2010;40(4):429-56. PubMed PMID: 20957826.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Genetics as a modernization program: biological research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes and the political economy of the Nazi State. A1 - Gausemeier,Bernd, PY - 2010/10/21/entrez PY - 2010/10/21/pubmed PY - 2010/12/31/medline SP - 429 EP - 56 JF - Historical studies in the natural sciences JO - Hist Stud Nat Sci VL - 40 IS - 4 N2 - During the Third Reich, the biological institutes of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (KWG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft) underwent a substantial reorganization and modernization. This paper discusses the development of projects in the fields of biochemical genetics, virus research, radiation genetics, and plant genetics that were initiated in those years. These cases exemplify, on the one hand, the political conditions for biological research in the Nazi state. They highlight how leading scientists advanced their projects by building close ties with politicians and science-funding organizations and companies. On the other hand, the study examines how the contents of research were shaped by, and how they contributed to, the aims and needs of the political economy of the Nazi system. This paper therefore aims not only to highlight basic aspects of scientific development under Nazism, but also to provide general insights into the structure of the Third Reich and the dynamics of its war economy. SN - 1939-1811 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20957826/Genetics_as_a_modernization_program:_biological_research_at_the_Kaiser_Wilhelm_Institutes_and_the_political_economy_of_the_Nazi_State_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -