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Nightmare reduction in a Vietnam veteran using imagery rehearsal therapy.
J Clin Sleep Med. 2010 Oct 15; 6(5):487-8.JC

Abstract

Following exposure to traumatic events, approximately 19% of combat veterans develop posttraumatic stress disorder. One of the main symptoms of this mental illness is reexperiencing the trauma, which is commonly expressed in the form of chronic trauma-related nightmares. In these patients, nightmares can fragment sleep, decrease sleep quality, and even cause fear about going to sleep. One promising psychological treatment for chronic nightmares is imagery rehearsal therapy. Imagery rehearsal therapy presumes that nightmares are a learned behavior and that activating the visual imagery system may facilitate emotional processing of the trauma. This treatment involves deliberately rewriting a nightmare and mentally rehearsing images from the newly rescripted scenario while awake. Imagery rehearsal therapy has been found to reduce nightmares and associated distress. We present a case study demonstrating the use of imagery rehearsal therapy in a Vietnam-era veteran with posttraumatic stress disorder and chronic nightmares. Nightmares were considerably reduced and the quality of sleep greatly improved after treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, NC 27705, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20957851

Citation

Berlin, Kate L., et al. "Nightmare Reduction in a Vietnam Veteran Using Imagery Rehearsal Therapy." Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM : Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, vol. 6, no. 5, 2010, pp. 487-8.
Berlin KL, Means MK, Edinger JD. Nightmare reduction in a Vietnam veteran using imagery rehearsal therapy. J Clin Sleep Med. 2010;6(5):487-8.
Berlin, K. L., Means, M. K., & Edinger, J. D. (2010). Nightmare reduction in a Vietnam veteran using imagery rehearsal therapy. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM : Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 6(5), 487-8.
Berlin KL, Means MK, Edinger JD. Nightmare Reduction in a Vietnam Veteran Using Imagery Rehearsal Therapy. J Clin Sleep Med. 2010 Oct 15;6(5):487-8. PubMed PMID: 20957851.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nightmare reduction in a Vietnam veteran using imagery rehearsal therapy. AU - Berlin,Kate L, AU - Means,Melanie K, AU - Edinger,Jack D, PY - 2010/10/21/entrez PY - 2010/10/21/pubmed PY - 2010/11/16/medline SP - 487 EP - 8 JF - Journal of clinical sleep medicine : JCSM : official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine JO - J Clin Sleep Med VL - 6 IS - 5 N2 - Following exposure to traumatic events, approximately 19% of combat veterans develop posttraumatic stress disorder. One of the main symptoms of this mental illness is reexperiencing the trauma, which is commonly expressed in the form of chronic trauma-related nightmares. In these patients, nightmares can fragment sleep, decrease sleep quality, and even cause fear about going to sleep. One promising psychological treatment for chronic nightmares is imagery rehearsal therapy. Imagery rehearsal therapy presumes that nightmares are a learned behavior and that activating the visual imagery system may facilitate emotional processing of the trauma. This treatment involves deliberately rewriting a nightmare and mentally rehearsing images from the newly rescripted scenario while awake. Imagery rehearsal therapy has been found to reduce nightmares and associated distress. We present a case study demonstrating the use of imagery rehearsal therapy in a Vietnam-era veteran with posttraumatic stress disorder and chronic nightmares. Nightmares were considerably reduced and the quality of sleep greatly improved after treatment. SN - 1550-9389 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20957851/Nightmare_reduction_in_a_Vietnam_veteran_using_imagery_rehearsal_therapy_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/20957851/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -