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Baicalein protects HT22 murine hippocampal neuronal cells against endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis through inhibition of reactive oxygen species production and CHOP induction.
Exp Mol Med. 2010 Dec 31; 42(12):811-22.EM

Abstract

Baicalein is one of the major flavonoids in Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and possesses various effects, including cytoprotection and anti-inflammation. Because endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and cerebral ischemia, we investigated the effects of baicalein on apoptotic death of HT22 mouse hippocampal neuronal cells induced by thapsigargin (TG) and brefeldin A (BFA), two representative ER stress inducers. Apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were measured by flow cytometry. Expression level and phosphorylation status of ER stress-associated proteins and activation and cleavage of apoptosis-associated proteins were analyzed by Western blot. Baicalein reduced TG- and BFA-induced apoptosis of HT22 cells and activation and cleavage of apoptosis-associated proteins, such as caspase-12 and -3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Baicalein also reduced the TG- and BFA-induced expression of ER stress-associated proteins, including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and glucose-regulated protein 78, the cleavage of X-box binding protein-1 and activating transcription factor 6α, and the phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor-2α and mitogen-activated protein kinases, such as p38, JNK, and ERK. Knock-down of CHOP expression by siRNA transfection and specific inhibitors of p38 (SB203580), JNK (SP600125), and ERK (PD98059) as well as anti-oxidant (N-acetylcysteine) reduced TG- or BFA-induced cell death. Baicalein also reduced TG- and BFA-induced ROS accumulation and MMP reduction. Taken together, these results suggest that baicalein could protect HT22 neuronal cells against ER stress-induced apoptosis by reducing CHOP induction as well as ROS accumulation and mitochondrial damage.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Medical Science and Engineering Research Center for Bioreaction to Reactive Oxygen Species, Biomedical Science Institute, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 130-701, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20959717

Citation

Choi, Ji Hyun, et al. "Baicalein Protects HT22 Murine Hippocampal Neuronal Cells Against Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-induced Apoptosis Through Inhibition of Reactive Oxygen Species Production and CHOP Induction." Experimental & Molecular Medicine, vol. 42, no. 12, 2010, pp. 811-22.
Choi JH, Choi AY, Yoon H, et al. Baicalein protects HT22 murine hippocampal neuronal cells against endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis through inhibition of reactive oxygen species production and CHOP induction. Exp Mol Med. 2010;42(12):811-22.
Choi, J. H., Choi, A. Y., Yoon, H., Choe, W., Yoon, K. S., Ha, J., Yeo, E. J., & Kang, I. (2010). Baicalein protects HT22 murine hippocampal neuronal cells against endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis through inhibition of reactive oxygen species production and CHOP induction. Experimental & Molecular Medicine, 42(12), 811-22.
Choi JH, et al. Baicalein Protects HT22 Murine Hippocampal Neuronal Cells Against Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress-induced Apoptosis Through Inhibition of Reactive Oxygen Species Production and CHOP Induction. Exp Mol Med. 2010 Dec 31;42(12):811-22. PubMed PMID: 20959717.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Baicalein protects HT22 murine hippocampal neuronal cells against endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis through inhibition of reactive oxygen species production and CHOP induction. AU - Choi,Ji Hyun, AU - Choi,A Young, AU - Yoon,Hana, AU - Choe,Wonchae, AU - Yoon,Kyung-Sik, AU - Ha,Joohun, AU - Yeo,Eui-Ju, AU - Kang,Insug, PY - 2010/10/21/entrez PY - 2010/10/21/pubmed PY - 2011/3/24/medline SP - 811 EP - 22 JF - Experimental & molecular medicine JO - Exp Mol Med VL - 42 IS - 12 N2 - Baicalein is one of the major flavonoids in Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and possesses various effects, including cytoprotection and anti-inflammation. Because endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and cerebral ischemia, we investigated the effects of baicalein on apoptotic death of HT22 mouse hippocampal neuronal cells induced by thapsigargin (TG) and brefeldin A (BFA), two representative ER stress inducers. Apoptosis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were measured by flow cytometry. Expression level and phosphorylation status of ER stress-associated proteins and activation and cleavage of apoptosis-associated proteins were analyzed by Western blot. Baicalein reduced TG- and BFA-induced apoptosis of HT22 cells and activation and cleavage of apoptosis-associated proteins, such as caspase-12 and -3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Baicalein also reduced the TG- and BFA-induced expression of ER stress-associated proteins, including C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and glucose-regulated protein 78, the cleavage of X-box binding protein-1 and activating transcription factor 6α, and the phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor-2α and mitogen-activated protein kinases, such as p38, JNK, and ERK. Knock-down of CHOP expression by siRNA transfection and specific inhibitors of p38 (SB203580), JNK (SP600125), and ERK (PD98059) as well as anti-oxidant (N-acetylcysteine) reduced TG- or BFA-induced cell death. Baicalein also reduced TG- and BFA-induced ROS accumulation and MMP reduction. Taken together, these results suggest that baicalein could protect HT22 neuronal cells against ER stress-induced apoptosis by reducing CHOP induction as well as ROS accumulation and mitochondrial damage. SN - 2092-6413 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20959717/Baicalein_protects_HT22_murine_hippocampal_neuronal_cells_against_endoplasmic_reticulum_stress_induced_apoptosis_through_inhibition_of_reactive_oxygen_species_production_and_CHOP_induction_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/20959717/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -