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Direct contact as a moderator of extended contact effects: cross-sectional and longitudinal impact on outgroup attitudes, behavioral intentions, and attitude certainty.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010 Dec; 36(12):1662-74.PS

Abstract

Cross-group friendships (the most effective form of direct contact) and extended contact (i.e., knowing ingroup members who have outgroup friends) constitute two of the most important means of improving outgroup attitudes. Using cross-sectional and longitudinal samples from different intergroup contexts, this research demonstrates that extended contact is most effective when individuals live in segregated neighborhoods having only few, or no, direct friendships with outgroup members. Moreover, by including measures of attitudes and behavioral intentions the authors showed the broader impact of these forms of contact, and, by assessing attitude certainty as one dimension of attitude strength, they tested whether extended contact can lead not only to more positive but also to stronger outgroup orientations. Cross-sectional data showed that direct contact was more strongly related to attitude certainty than was extended contact, but longitudinal data showed both forms of contact affected attitude certainty in the long run.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Section for Psychological Methods, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany. christ@staff.uni-marburg.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20966179

Citation

Christ, Oliver, et al. "Direct Contact as a Moderator of Extended Contact Effects: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Impact On Outgroup Attitudes, Behavioral Intentions, and Attitude Certainty." Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 36, no. 12, 2010, pp. 1662-74.
Christ O, Hewstone M, Tausch N, et al. Direct contact as a moderator of extended contact effects: cross-sectional and longitudinal impact on outgroup attitudes, behavioral intentions, and attitude certainty. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010;36(12):1662-74.
Christ, O., Hewstone, M., Tausch, N., Wagner, U., Voci, A., Hughes, J., & Cairns, E. (2010). Direct contact as a moderator of extended contact effects: cross-sectional and longitudinal impact on outgroup attitudes, behavioral intentions, and attitude certainty. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(12), 1662-74. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167210386969
Christ O, et al. Direct Contact as a Moderator of Extended Contact Effects: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Impact On Outgroup Attitudes, Behavioral Intentions, and Attitude Certainty. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2010;36(12):1662-74. PubMed PMID: 20966179.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Direct contact as a moderator of extended contact effects: cross-sectional and longitudinal impact on outgroup attitudes, behavioral intentions, and attitude certainty. AU - Christ,Oliver, AU - Hewstone,Miles, AU - Tausch,Nicole, AU - Wagner,Ulrich, AU - Voci,Alberto, AU - Hughes,Joanne, AU - Cairns,Ed, Y1 - 2010/10/21/ PY - 2010/10/23/entrez PY - 2010/10/23/pubmed PY - 2011/2/17/medline SP - 1662 EP - 74 JF - Personality & social psychology bulletin JO - Pers Soc Psychol Bull VL - 36 IS - 12 N2 - Cross-group friendships (the most effective form of direct contact) and extended contact (i.e., knowing ingroup members who have outgroup friends) constitute two of the most important means of improving outgroup attitudes. Using cross-sectional and longitudinal samples from different intergroup contexts, this research demonstrates that extended contact is most effective when individuals live in segregated neighborhoods having only few, or no, direct friendships with outgroup members. Moreover, by including measures of attitudes and behavioral intentions the authors showed the broader impact of these forms of contact, and, by assessing attitude certainty as one dimension of attitude strength, they tested whether extended contact can lead not only to more positive but also to stronger outgroup orientations. Cross-sectional data showed that direct contact was more strongly related to attitude certainty than was extended contact, but longitudinal data showed both forms of contact affected attitude certainty in the long run. SN - 1552-7433 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20966179/Direct_contact_as_a_moderator_of_extended_contact_effects:_cross_sectional_and_longitudinal_impact_on_outgroup_attitudes_behavioral_intentions_and_attitude_certainty_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0146167210386969?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -