Medication dose reductions after pallidal versus subthalamic stimulation in patients with Parkinson's disease.Acta Neurol Scand. 2011 Sep; 124(3):211-4.AN
To compare the medication dose reduction between deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus interna (GPi) vs subthalamic nucleus (STN) in matched patients with Parkinson's disease (PD).
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Records of 12 patients with PD who underwent GPi-DBS at our institution from 2002 to 2008 were matched by pre-operative PD medication doses and pre-operative motor Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) scores to 12 cases of STN-DBS. PD medication doses were converted to levodopa equivalent doses (LEDs).
GPi and STN groups had similar mean pre-operative LEDs and motor UPDRS scores. At 6 months post-DBS, there was no significant difference in percent reduction in LEDs between the GPi (47.95%) and STN (37.47%) groups (P = 0.52). The mean post-operative 'medication off/stimulation on' motor UPDRS scores did not differ significantly between GPi (15.33) and STN (16.25) groups (P = 0.74). The mean percent reduction in motor UPDRS scores was also similar between GPi (58.44%) and STN (58.98%) patients (P = 0.94).
We conclude that in disease-matched patients with PD undergoing DBS, both GPi and STN may result in similar reduction in PD medication doses.