Long-term survival among patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed breast cancer: a population-based study.J Clin Oncol 2010; 28(34):5088-96JC
The increased risk of breast cancer (BC) among women receiving chest radiotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is well-established. However, there are no large population-based studies that describe overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) compared with women with first primary BC.
For 298 HL survivors who developed BC (HL-BC group) and 405,223 women with a first or only BC (BC-1 group), actuarial OS and CSS were compared, accounting for age, BC stage, hormone receptor status, sociodemographic status, radiation for HL, and other variables. All patients were derived from the population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program.
OS among patients with HL-BC was significantly inferior that of to patients with BC-1: 15-year OS was 48% versus 69% (P < .0001) for localized BC, and 33% versus 43% (P < .0001) for regional/distant BC. Patients with HL-BC had a significantly increased seven-fold risk (P < .0001) of death from other cancers (ie, not HL or BC) compared with patients with BC-1. Mortality from heart disease among patients with HL-BC with either localized or regional/distant disease was also significantly increased (hazard ratio = 2.22, P = .04; and hazard ratio = 4.28, P = .02, respectively) compared with patients with BC-1. Although 10-year BC-CSS was similar for patients with HL-BC and BC-1 with regional/distant disease, it was inferior for patients with localized BC (82% v 88%, respectively; P = .002).
Women with HL may survive a subsequent diagnosis of BC, only to experience significant excesses of death from other primary cancers and cardiac disease. Greater awareness of screening for cardiac disease and subsequent primary cancers in patients with HL-BC is warranted.