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Emotional expectations influence neural sensitivity to fearful faces in humans: an event-related potential study.
Sci China Life Sci. 2010 Nov; 53(11):1361-8.SC

Abstract

The present study tested whether neural sensitivity to salient emotional facial expressions was influenced by emotional expectations induced by a cue that validly predicted the expression of a subsequently presented target face. Event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by fearful and neutral faces were recorded while participants performed a gender discrimination task under cued ('expected') and uncued ('unexpected') conditions. The behavioral results revealed that accuracy was lower for fearful compared with neutral faces in the unexpected condition, while accuracy was similar for fearful and neutral faces in the expected condition. ERP data revealed increased amplitudes in the P2 component and 200-250 ms interval for unexpected fearful versus neutral faces. By contrast, ERP responses were similar for fearful and neutral faces in the expected condition. These findings indicate that human neural sensitivity to fearful faces is modulated by emotional expectations. Although the neural system is sensitive to unpredictable emotionally salient stimuli, sensitivity to salient stimuli is reduced when these stimuli are predictable.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (SWU), Ministry of Education of China, Chongqing 400715, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21046329

Citation

Yang, JieMin, et al. "Emotional Expectations Influence Neural Sensitivity to Fearful Faces in Humans: an Event-related Potential Study." Science China. Life Sciences, vol. 53, no. 11, 2010, pp. 1361-8.
Yang J, Yuan J, Li H. Emotional expectations influence neural sensitivity to fearful faces in humans: an event-related potential study. Sci China Life Sci. 2010;53(11):1361-8.
Yang, J., Yuan, J., & Li, H. (2010). Emotional expectations influence neural sensitivity to fearful faces in humans: an event-related potential study. Science China. Life Sciences, 53(11), 1361-8. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11427-010-4083-4
Yang J, Yuan J, Li H. Emotional Expectations Influence Neural Sensitivity to Fearful Faces in Humans: an Event-related Potential Study. Sci China Life Sci. 2010;53(11):1361-8. PubMed PMID: 21046329.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Emotional expectations influence neural sensitivity to fearful faces in humans: an event-related potential study. AU - Yang,JieMin, AU - Yuan,JiaJin, AU - Li,Hong, Y1 - 2010/11/03/ PY - 2009/05/27/received PY - 2009/08/31/accepted PY - 2010/11/4/entrez PY - 2010/11/4/pubmed PY - 2011/2/9/medline SP - 1361 EP - 8 JF - Science China. Life sciences JO - Sci China Life Sci VL - 53 IS - 11 N2 - The present study tested whether neural sensitivity to salient emotional facial expressions was influenced by emotional expectations induced by a cue that validly predicted the expression of a subsequently presented target face. Event-related potentials (ERPs) elicited by fearful and neutral faces were recorded while participants performed a gender discrimination task under cued ('expected') and uncued ('unexpected') conditions. The behavioral results revealed that accuracy was lower for fearful compared with neutral faces in the unexpected condition, while accuracy was similar for fearful and neutral faces in the expected condition. ERP data revealed increased amplitudes in the P2 component and 200-250 ms interval for unexpected fearful versus neutral faces. By contrast, ERP responses were similar for fearful and neutral faces in the expected condition. These findings indicate that human neural sensitivity to fearful faces is modulated by emotional expectations. Although the neural system is sensitive to unpredictable emotionally salient stimuli, sensitivity to salient stimuli is reduced when these stimuli are predictable. SN - 1869-1889 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21046329/Emotional_expectations_influence_neural_sensitivity_to_fearful_faces_in_humans:_an_event_related_potential_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -