Protection of BALB/C mice against Brucella abortus 544 challenge by vaccination with combination of recombinant human serum albumin-l7/l12 (Brucella abortus ribosomal protein) and lipopolysaccharide.Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol 2010 Jan-Mar; 69(1):5-12RA
The immunogenic Brucella abortus ribosomal protein L7/L12 and Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) are promising candidate antigens for the development of subunit vaccines against brucellosis.
This study was aimed to evaluate the protection of combination of recombinant HSA-L7/L12 fusion protein with LPS in Balb/c mouse.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The recombinant HSA-L7/L12 fusion protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae was expressed and purified by affinity chromatography column. LPS was extracted by n-butanol, purified by ultracentrifugation. BALB/c mouses were immunized in 9 groups with PBS, HSA, tHSA-L7/L12, L7/L12, LPS, LPS+ HSA, LPS+ tHSA-L7/L12, LPS+ L7/L12, B. abortus S19. ELISA, LTT tests and challenging two weeks after last injection were carried out. Bacterial count of spleen of immunized BALB/c mouse was done four weeks after challenging with virulent strain B. abortus 544.
In ELISA test the specific antibodies of tHSA-L7/L12 exhibited a dominance of immunoglobulin IgG1 over IgG2a. LPS-HSA and tHSA-L7/L12 + LPS produced a significantly higher antibody titer than LPS alone and L7/L12+LPS (P < 0.05). The predominant IgG subtype for LPS and L7/L12+LPS were IgG3. However, tHSA-L7/L12+ LPS and LPS+ HAS elicited predominantly IgG1 and IgG3 subtypes. In addition, the tHSA-L7/L12 fusion protein and L7/L12 elicited a strong T-cell proliferative response upon restimulation in vitro with recombinant tHSA-L7/L12 and L7/L12, suggesting the induction of a cellular immunity response in vivo. However, there was no significant difference proliferative response in L7/L12 and tHSA-L7/L12 fusion protein (P > 0.05). The combination of tHSA-L7/L12 fusion protein with LPS and B. abortus S19 induce higher level of protection against challenge with the virulent strain B. abortus 544 in BALB/c mice than other groups (P = 0.005).
The combination of tHSA-L7/L12 fusion protein with LPS had higher protective ability than LPS and fusion protein distinctly.