Anthropometric and anthroposcopic analysis of different shapes of faces in group of Indian population: a pilot study.J Forensic Leg Med 2010; 17(8):421-5JF
Focus of facial identification research is to isolate features that can be considered a factor of individualization. Anthropometry and Anthroposcopy have been the most important research tools in the field of forensic anthropology. These two methods of observation and data collection are made both on the living and on skeletonized human remains. Anthropometry is a systematic study of human measurements. Morphological analysis of unmeasurable features usually is the area of anthroposcopy. Hence, this study aims to assess different human faces using anthropometry and anthroposcopy. A total of 100 subjects were included in the study, prosopic index given by Martin and Saller was used to classify facial types. An anthropometric measurement was used to assess the facial proportions and anthroposcopy for facial morphology. A significant number of subjects were of hyperleptoprosopic facial type, and with a significant sexual dimorphism observed among the Indian population. Anthroposopic analysis showed common morphological features in each prosopic indices. The findings in our study may throw light on anthropometric and anthroposcopic features of Indians and help significantly in the field of forensic anthropology.