Comparison of the sensitivities of plantar nerve conduction techniques for early detection of diabetic sensory polyneuropathy.Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Sep-Oct; 50(6):269-75.EC
The purpose of this study was to determine the most sensitive diagnostic test for nerve conduction study (NCS) of the foot for early detection of diabetic polyneuropathy. We compared the sensitivities for diagnosis of sensory polyneuropathy of four different nerve conduction techniques in the same nerves: nerve conduction studies of the medial plantar nerve with surface electrodes using three different techniques and a nerve conduction study of the digital and interdigital nerves of the foot using a near-nerve needle technique. In 25 patients with diabetic polyneuropathy with normal routine NCS, diagnosis of sensory neuropathy was confirmed by medial plantar NCS in 5 patients (20.0%) using Guiloff's method, in 5 patients (20.0%) using Ponsford's method and in 9 patients (36.0%) using Hemmi's method. In digital and interdigital NCS of the foot, a definite neuropathy pattern was observed in 15 patients (60.0%). The most common abnormality was low amplitude of sensory nerve action potential, indicating axonal degeneration. This study demonstrated that digital and interdigital NCS using the near-nerve needle technique is a more sensitive method for detection of early-stage diabetic polyneuropathy.