Cardiac CT: are we underestimating the dose? A radiation dose study utilizing the 2007 ICRP tissue weighting factors and a cardiac specific scan volume.Clin Radiol. 2010 Dec; 65(12):1013-7.CR
To calculate the effective dose from cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) using a computer-based model utilizing the latest International Commission on Radiation Protection (ICRP) 103 tissue-weighting factors (2007), to compare this dose with those calculated with previously published chest conversion factors and to produce a conversion factor specific for cardiac MDCT.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
An observational study of 152 patients attending for cardiac MDCT as part of their usual clinical care in a university teaching hospital. The dose for each examination was calculated using the computer-based anthropomorphic ImPACT model (the imaging performance assessment of CT scanners) and this was compared with the dose derived from the dose-length product (DLP) and a chest conversion factor.
The median effective dose calculated using the ImPACT calculator (4.5 mSv) was significantly higher than the doses calculated with the chest conversion factors (2.2-3 mSv).
The use of chest conversion factors significantly underestimates the effective dose when compared to the dose calculated using the ImPACT calculator. A conversion factor of 0.028 would give a better estimation of the effective dose from prospectively gated cardiac MDCT.