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Phylogenetic analysis of Croatian orf viruses isolated from sheep and goats.
Virol J 2010; 7:314VJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Orf virus (ORFV) is the prototype of the parapoxvirus genus and it primarily causes contagious ecthyma in goats, sheep, and other ruminants worldwide. In this paper, we described the sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the B2L gene of ORFV from two natural outbreaks: i) in autochthonous Croatian Cres-breed sheep and ii) on small family goat farm.

RESULTS

Sequence and phylogenetic analyses of the ORFV B2L gene showed that the Cro-Cres-12446/09 and Cro-Goat-11727/10 were not clustered together. Cro-Cres-12446/09 shared the highest similarity with ORFV NZ2 from New Zealand, and Ena from Japan; Cro-Goat-11727/10 was closest to the HuB from China and Taiping and Hoping from Taiwan.

CONCLUSION

Distinct ORFV strains are circulating in Croatia. Although ORFV infections are found ubiquitously wherever sheep and goats are farmed in Croatia, this is the first information on genetic relatedness of any Croatian ORFV with other isolates around the world.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Virology, Croatian Veterinary Institute, Savska cesta 143, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. ilojkic@veinst.hrNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21073725

Citation

Lojkic, Ivana, et al. "Phylogenetic Analysis of Croatian Orf Viruses Isolated From Sheep and Goats." Virology Journal, vol. 7, 2010, p. 314.
Lojkic I, Cac Z, Beck A, et al. Phylogenetic analysis of Croatian orf viruses isolated from sheep and goats. Virol J. 2010;7:314.
Lojkic, I., Cac, Z., Beck, A., Bedekovic, T., Cvetnic, Z., & Sostaric, B. (2010). Phylogenetic analysis of Croatian orf viruses isolated from sheep and goats. Virology Journal, 7, p. 314. doi:10.1186/1743-422X-7-314.
Lojkic I, et al. Phylogenetic Analysis of Croatian Orf Viruses Isolated From Sheep and Goats. Virol J. 2010 Nov 12;7:314. PubMed PMID: 21073725.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Phylogenetic analysis of Croatian orf viruses isolated from sheep and goats. AU - Lojkic,Ivana, AU - Cac,Zeljko, AU - Beck,Ana, AU - Bedekovic,Tomislav, AU - Cvetnic,Zeljko, AU - Sostaric,Branko, Y1 - 2010/11/12/ PY - 2010/09/08/received PY - 2010/11/12/accepted PY - 2010/11/16/entrez PY - 2010/11/16/pubmed PY - 2011/2/1/medline SP - 314 EP - 314 JF - Virology journal JO - Virol. J. VL - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: The Orf virus (ORFV) is the prototype of the parapoxvirus genus and it primarily causes contagious ecthyma in goats, sheep, and other ruminants worldwide. In this paper, we described the sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the B2L gene of ORFV from two natural outbreaks: i) in autochthonous Croatian Cres-breed sheep and ii) on small family goat farm. RESULTS: Sequence and phylogenetic analyses of the ORFV B2L gene showed that the Cro-Cres-12446/09 and Cro-Goat-11727/10 were not clustered together. Cro-Cres-12446/09 shared the highest similarity with ORFV NZ2 from New Zealand, and Ena from Japan; Cro-Goat-11727/10 was closest to the HuB from China and Taiping and Hoping from Taiwan. CONCLUSION: Distinct ORFV strains are circulating in Croatia. Although ORFV infections are found ubiquitously wherever sheep and goats are farmed in Croatia, this is the first information on genetic relatedness of any Croatian ORFV with other isolates around the world. SN - 1743-422X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21073725/Phylogenetic_analysis_of_Croatian_orf_viruses_isolated_from_sheep_and_goats_ L2 - https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-7-314 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -