Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Self-reported tobacco smoking practices among medical students and their perceptions towards training about tobacco smoking in medical curricula: A cross-sectional, questionnaire survey in Malaysia, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh.
Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2010 Nov 16; 5:29.SA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Tobacco smoking issues in developing countries are usually taught non-systematically as and when the topic arose. The World Health Organisation and Global Health Professional Student Survey (GHPSS) have suggested introducing a separate integrated tobacco module into medical school curricula. Our aim was to assess medical students' tobacco smoking habits, their practices towards patients' smoking habits and attitude towards teaching about smoking in medical schools.

METHODS

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out among final year undergraduate medical students in Malaysia, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire included items on demographic information, students' current practices about patients' tobacco smoking habits, their perception towards tobacco education in medical schools on a five point Likert scale. Questions about tobacco smoking habits were adapted from GHPSS questionnaire. An 'ever smoker' was defined as one who had smoked during lifetime, even if had tried a few puffs once or twice. 'Current smoker' was defined as those who had smoked tobacco product on one or more days in the preceding month of the survey. Descriptive statistics were calculated.

RESULTS

Overall response rate was 81.6% (922/1130). Median age was 22 years while 50.7% were males and 48.2% were females. The overall prevalence of 'ever smokers' and 'current smokers' was 31.7% and 13.1% respectively. A majority (> 80%) of students asked the patients about their smoking habits during clinical postings/clerkships. Only a third of them did counselling, and assessed the patients' willingness to quit. Majority of the students agreed about doctors' role in tobacco control as being role models, competence in smoking cessation methods, counseling, and the need for training about tobacco cessation in medical schools. About 50% agreed that current curriculum teaches about tobacco smoking but not systematically and should be included as a separate module. Majority of the students indicated that topics about health effects, nicotine addiction and its treatment, counselling, prevention of relapse were important or very important in training about tobacco smoking.

CONCLUSION

Medical educators should consider revising medical curricula to improve training about tobacco smoking cessation in medical schools. Our results should be supported by surveys from other medical schools in developing countries of Asia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Community Medicine, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Melaka, Malaysia. chandrashekharats@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

21080923

Citation

Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T., et al. "Self-reported Tobacco Smoking Practices Among Medical Students and Their Perceptions Towards Training About Tobacco Smoking in Medical Curricula: a Cross-sectional, Questionnaire Survey in Malaysia, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh." Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, vol. 5, 2010, p. 29.
Sreeramareddy CT, Suri S, Menezes RG, et al. Self-reported tobacco smoking practices among medical students and their perceptions towards training about tobacco smoking in medical curricula: A cross-sectional, questionnaire survey in Malaysia, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2010;5:29.
Sreeramareddy, C. T., Suri, S., Menezes, R. G., Kumar, H. N., Rahman, M., Islam, M. R., Pereira, X. V., Shah, M., Sathian, B., Shetty, U., & Vaswani, V. R. (2010). Self-reported tobacco smoking practices among medical students and their perceptions towards training about tobacco smoking in medical curricula: A cross-sectional, questionnaire survey in Malaysia, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 5, 29. https://doi.org/10.1186/1747-597X-5-29
Sreeramareddy CT, et al. Self-reported Tobacco Smoking Practices Among Medical Students and Their Perceptions Towards Training About Tobacco Smoking in Medical Curricula: a Cross-sectional, Questionnaire Survey in Malaysia, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy. 2010 Nov 16;5:29. PubMed PMID: 21080923.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Self-reported tobacco smoking practices among medical students and their perceptions towards training about tobacco smoking in medical curricula: A cross-sectional, questionnaire survey in Malaysia, India, Pakistan, Nepal, and Bangladesh. AU - Sreeramareddy,Chandrashekhar T, AU - Suri,Sushil, AU - Menezes,Ritesh G, AU - Kumar,H N Harsha, AU - Rahman,Mahbubur, AU - Islam,Md R, AU - Pereira,Xavier V, AU - Shah,Mohsin, AU - Sathian,Brijesh, AU - Shetty,Ullasa, AU - Vaswani,Vina R, Y1 - 2010/11/16/ PY - 2010/08/28/received PY - 2010/11/16/accepted PY - 2010/11/18/entrez PY - 2010/11/18/pubmed PY - 2011/2/17/medline SP - 29 EP - 29 JF - Substance abuse treatment, prevention, and policy JO - Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy VL - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking issues in developing countries are usually taught non-systematically as and when the topic arose. The World Health Organisation and Global Health Professional Student Survey (GHPSS) have suggested introducing a separate integrated tobacco module into medical school curricula. Our aim was to assess medical students' tobacco smoking habits, their practices towards patients' smoking habits and attitude towards teaching about smoking in medical schools. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out among final year undergraduate medical students in Malaysia, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire included items on demographic information, students' current practices about patients' tobacco smoking habits, their perception towards tobacco education in medical schools on a five point Likert scale. Questions about tobacco smoking habits were adapted from GHPSS questionnaire. An 'ever smoker' was defined as one who had smoked during lifetime, even if had tried a few puffs once or twice. 'Current smoker' was defined as those who had smoked tobacco product on one or more days in the preceding month of the survey. Descriptive statistics were calculated. RESULTS: Overall response rate was 81.6% (922/1130). Median age was 22 years while 50.7% were males and 48.2% were females. The overall prevalence of 'ever smokers' and 'current smokers' was 31.7% and 13.1% respectively. A majority (> 80%) of students asked the patients about their smoking habits during clinical postings/clerkships. Only a third of them did counselling, and assessed the patients' willingness to quit. Majority of the students agreed about doctors' role in tobacco control as being role models, competence in smoking cessation methods, counseling, and the need for training about tobacco cessation in medical schools. About 50% agreed that current curriculum teaches about tobacco smoking but not systematically and should be included as a separate module. Majority of the students indicated that topics about health effects, nicotine addiction and its treatment, counselling, prevention of relapse were important or very important in training about tobacco smoking. CONCLUSION: Medical educators should consider revising medical curricula to improve training about tobacco smoking cessation in medical schools. Our results should be supported by surveys from other medical schools in developing countries of Asia. SN - 1747-597X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/21080923/Self_reported_tobacco_smoking_practices_among_medical_students_and_their_perceptions_towards_training_about_tobacco_smoking_in_medical_curricula:_A_cross_sectional_questionnaire_survey_in_Malaysia_India_Pakistan_Nepal_and_Bangladesh_ L2 - https://substanceabusepolicy.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1747-597X-5-29 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -